Hydro Power Plant Boguchanskaya, Russia

Description

The construction of the hydro power plant Boguchanskaya began in 1980 and resumed in 2006. The plant is located on the river Angara near the town Kodinsk. It is carried out by the companies “RusHydro” and “Rusal”. In May 2006 they signed an agreement on the joint development of the Boguchanskoye Energy and Metals Complex (BEMO). The BEMO project provided: completion of the hydroelectric plant and building a nearby aluminum smelter, which would off-take considerable amount of electricity produced by the power plant. The planned design capacity is 3,000 MW. The Russian government points to the importance of completion of the hydroelectric power station for the development of the Siberian economic region according to the "Complex development of the Lower Angara Territories” strategy.

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Basic Data
NameHydro Power Plant Boguchanskaya, Russia
CountryRussian Federation
ProvinceKrasnoyarsk region
SiteKodinsk
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Deforestation
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Electricity
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsBoguchanskaya hydroelectric power is a hydroelectric power station on the Angara river, the city Kodinsk in Kezhemsk district, Krasnoyarsk region. It belongs to the Angara cascade of hydroelectric power stations, being its fourth, the lower stage.

Designed capacity of 3,000 MW

Annual electricity production: 17600 million kWh

Dam height: 96 m

Dam length: 2690 m

HPP creates Boguchanskoye Reservoir of 2326 square kilometers
Project Area (in hectares)150,000
Level of Investment (in USD)82,500,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population12,200
Start Date01/11/2006
End Date03/09/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesRusHydro (RusHydro) from Russian Federation
RUSAL (RUSAL) from Russian Federation
Eurosibenergo (EN+) from Russian Federation
International and Financial InstitutionsVnesheconombank from Russian Federation - financing of the project
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersProtest movement "Dam" , Greenpeace Russia , World Wildlife Fund , International environmental organization "Rivers Without Borders"
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination
OtherAnthrax contamination as a potential impact
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases
OtherHealth problems caused by potential decline in the water quality
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (failure for environmental justice)
Migration/displacement
Development of AlternativesEnvironmentalists and citizens just wanted that the territory is kept as before, i.e. suitable for settlements, as people didn't want to relocate.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The lawsuit and appeal rejection (03.09.2012) stopped the most protest movements. The project came successfully into force.
Sources and Materials
Links

Citizens protests against the power plant
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Overall information on the power plant
[click to view]

Informatin on the court decision and activities on the web-site plotina.net
[click to view]

WWF Russia activities against the ptoject.
[click to view]

Article about cooperation of RUSAL and RusHydro
[click to view]

Technical data
[click to view]

General information (English)
[click to view]

Media Links

Flooding zone and related problems

The video describes the problems of the people who are forced to relocate. Often they are waiting for a long time and don’t know where they have to go. They have to leave the house even without seeing the new home.
[click to view]

Ecological risks due to the flooding.

The video describes possible risks for the health. Due to the flooding the water quality is fallen; people say that the taste of the water changed to swamp water. The problem of high levels of organic compounds is also described.
[click to view]

Other Documents

Construction works Source: http://russiatrek.org/blog/economics/the-construction-of-boguchanskaya-hydropower-plant/
[click to view]

Construction
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Construction works Source: http://russiatrek.org/blog/economics/the-construction-of-boguchanskaya-hydropower-plant/
[click to view]

Construction works Source: http://russiatrek.org/blog/economics/the-construction-of-boguchanskaya-hydropower-plant/
[click to view]

Construction works Source: http://russiatrek.org/blog/economics/the-construction-of-boguchanskaya-hydropower-plant/
[click to view]

Construction works Source: http://russiatrek.org/blog/economics/the-construction-of-boguchanskaya-hydropower-plant/
[click to view]

Construction works Source: http://russiatrek.org/blog/economics/the-construction-of-boguchanskaya-hydropower-plant/
[click to view]

Flooding Source: http://www.plotina.net/boges-zatoplenie-idet/
[click to view]

Construction
[click to view]

Protest "We are left at the bottom of the reservoir"
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorNatalia Finogenova
Last update06/10/2014
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