IFFCO Kisan SEZ in Nellore, AP, India

Description

Indian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative Limited (IFFCO) had proposed to develop a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh, known as IFFCO Kisan SEZ (IKSEZ). The project is wholly owned by subsidiaries of IFFCO and mainly focused on Agro based products; it offers various customs duty, income tax and sales tax concessions provided by the Government of India to promote economic activity. It is inspired by the concept of "Integrated Agropark", defined as "systems innovation of metropolitan agro production, processing and logistics."[8] According to the IFFCO website the mission of the IKSEZ is “ to empower the Indian farmer by developing a “Farmer Owned – Farmer Managed” SEZ with state of the art infrastructure facilities catering primarily to the food processing industry and housing global manufacturing majors” [5]. Many global as well as local Investors have showed their interest in the SEZ [7] For this project a total of 2,776 acres of land has been acquired and an Rs. 2,400 crore was proposed and an initial investment [1]. The aim of this Kisan SEZ is to provide state-of-the-art infrastructure facilities to a wide range of industries but mainly to food processing and agri-based industries.

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Basic Data
NameIFFCO Kisan SEZ in Nellore, AP, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceAndhra Pradesh
SiteDistrict-Nellore
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe SEZ is based on about 2776 acres of land. IKSEZ is based on the concept of Integrated Agropark.
Project Area (in hectares)1,000
Level of Investment (in USD)$ 398,129,816 (Rs 2,400 crore)
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population10,000-20,000
Start Date2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesIndian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited (IFFCO) from India
IFFCO Kisan SEZ (IKSEZ) from India
Global Dairy Health from India
Fonterra from New Zealand - Participation in the Kisan SZ consortium
Relevant government actorsAnimal Welfare Board of India (AWBI), Department of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, Government of Andhra Pradesh, Food and Safety Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPolitical Party CPI (ML), People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), Federation of Indian Animal Protection Organizations
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationBoycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Public campaigns
Strikes
Boycott of the election
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherAnimal Right Violation
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Development of AlternativesThe villagers are against the SEZ because it was not able to fulfill its promise of jobs for the locals. With their demands villagers boycotted both parliament and legislative assembly elections and did not vote. No political party made any promise to meet the demand of voters because the number of voters in the villages is quite low which has very little effect on the overall result of the election [4].

An animal welfare organization, Federation of Indian Animal Protection Organizations, New Delhi, is strongly against the project. According to this organization, housing of about 40,000 animals in a single Mega dairy is very harmful for the animals and also to the environment [6].
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Nellore Lok Sabha constituency and seven villages from Polavaram assembly seat did not participate in the elections. In the mode of protest, villagers retained form the voting and demanded that their land to be returned [4].
Sources and Materials
Legislations

The Special Economic Zone Act, 2005
[click to view]

Andhra Pradesh Cow Protection Act

Links

[1] IFFCO Kisan SEZ
[click to view]

[2] IFFCO to set up Kisan SEZ
[click to view]

[3] SEZ board rejects Iffco proposal for dairy
[click to view]

[4] 'Neglected' villages boycott bypolls
[click to view]

[5]IFFCO Kisan SEZ
[click to view]

[6] Stop India's first mega dairy in Andhra Pradesh
[click to view]

India's first Kisan SEZ to come up in Andhra Pradesh
[click to view]

[7] Global cos may join Iffco’s Kisan SEZ
[click to view]

Activity picks up at Iffco Kisan SEZ
[click to view]

[8] Agropark
[click to view]

[9] The Hindu
[click to view]

[10] A Sour Undertaking, by J. Varghese
[click to view]

Other Documents

Kisan SEZ Source :http://cseindia.org/agenda2013/undertaking.htm
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update09/10/2014
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