Ikot Ado Udo Case, Nigeria

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Shell placed an oil installation in the village of Ikot Ada Udo nearly 50 years ago at the head of an oil well. Shortly after it installed the wellhead, Shell decided not to produce oil in that place but left the installation in place. Since then, the wellhead has been left abandoned among the vegetable gardens of the village of Ikot Ada Udo. It has been nicknamed the Christmas tree because it resembles one. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> Villagers reported multiple oil leaks in the period between 1996 and 1999, and in 2004. Noxious fumes and a brown oily substance have regularly escaped from the oil installation. This apparently was caused by malfunctioning of old parts and lack of maintenance by Shell. In August 2006 and 2007, the villagers discovered that the leaks were becoming worse and reported this to Shell. Shell said that the pollution was not that bad. Nevertheless, the leaks continued. The oil installation started to spray raw oil over the fields, for three months, accompanied by a deafening hissing noise and penetrating gas smell. Heavy rainfall carried the oil in rivulets and into the village fishponds. The fish died and the drinking water became polluted. <br/><br/> By early 2008 Shell had not even started an investigation into the scope of the pollution. It was not until September/October 2008 that Shell attempted to clean up the oil. A large amount of the oil-saturated land was piled up in the forest. The farmlands and fishponds which were polluted by the oil that swept over them have never been cleaned up. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Ikot Ado Udo Case, Nigeria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/nigeria">Nigeria</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Akwa Ibom State</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Ikot Ada Udo Local Government Area</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Oil and gas exploration and extraction<br /> Aquaculture and fisheries<br /> Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/crude-oil'>Crude oil</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>50</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>1996</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/shell-petroleum-development-company'>Shell Petroleum Development Company <small>(SPDC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a><br /><a href='/company/royal-dutch-shell'>Royal Dutch Shell <small>(RDS)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/netherlands'><small>Netherlands</small></a><br /><a href='/company/nigerian-national-petroleum-corporation'>Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation <small>(NNPC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>NOSDRA , Federal Ministry of Environment</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Friends of the Earth, Netherlands (Milieu Defensie)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Fishermen<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Local ejos<br /> Landless peasants<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements<br /> Trade unions<br /> Women<br /> Local scientists/professionals</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of a network/collective action<br /> Occupation of buildings/public spaces<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Development of alternative proposals<br /> Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment<br /> Land occupation<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)<br /> Public campaigns</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Militarization and increased police presence</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Proposed (exploration phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Under negotiation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>-Develop a solid plan to clean up the oil pollution in Ikot Ada Udo community and the entire Niger Delta. <br/><br/>As recommended by the UN, this plan should include Shell depositing $1 billion to a special emergency fund for the most urgent clean up operations in the Niger Delta.<br/><br/>-Close all oil wells that are illegally flaring gas before January 1, 2013 in Ikot Ada Udo and other Niger Delta -Develop a clear plan to improve the maintenance of the pipeline network in Nigeria, and protect them against theft and sabotage.<br/><br/>-Offer serious financial compensation to farmers and fishermen whose means of living have been destroyed as a result of the oil leaks in the community and the entire Niger Delta.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Aquaculture is still not possible and residents have still received no compensation. Shell has provided the village with funding for a drinking water tank and water pipes. In the meantime, a small wall has also been constructed about the Christmas tree, and Shell has ordered a concrete plug to be installed.<br/><br/>In early November 2007 the Nigerian parliament passed a resolution to ensure that shell clean up the community. But this has not yielded meaningful results as the pollution still prevails.<br/><br/>Although the case has be charged to court in the Netherlands, waiting Justice in favour of the affect community.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> National oil spill Detection and Remediation Agency.(NOSDRA)<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Federal Ministry of Environment<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> The Ikot Ado Udo Case: The hissing and Leaking Christmas Tree.Facts sheet by Milieu Defensie.<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Knee Deep in crude Volume 1. A Publication of Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria.<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> ,-era-foen-urges-shell.html<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://nigeriancurrent.com/news/item/430-polluted-farmlands-take-responsibility-for-your-mess" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://r0b0tic.us/2011/06/08/shell-oil-spills-in-the-niger-delta/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Milieu Defensie<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://goo.gl/U5ju4" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Milieu Defensie<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://goo.gl/nRUKq" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Milieu Defensie<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.milieudefensie.nl/english/shell/oil-leaks/courtcase" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Legal Oil <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.legaloil.com/NewsItem.asp?DocumentIDX=1195169581andCategory=news" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> CBC News<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2012/10/11/nigeria-shell-hague-lawsuit.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> All Africa<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://allafrica.com/stories/201209261287.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Worse then Bad<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://worsethanbad.org/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Justice Nigeria Now<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://justiceinnigerianow.org/shell" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 'Nigerian farmers sue Shell over oil pipe leaks'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://goo.gl/AtjkB" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Sweet Crude Reports<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://sweetcrudereports.com/2012/10/10/shell-dragged-before-dutch-court-over-nigeria-oil-spill/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Nigeria Current<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Comments</td><td>ANGLO-Dutch oil and gas super major, Shell, will appear in a Dutch court to account for damage it caused in Nigeria. This is the first time in history; a European company is appearing in a Dutch court. <br/><br/>The court case against Shells oil spills in Nigeria has been filed by four Nigerian plaintiffs in conjunction with Friends of the Earth Netherlands and supported by Friends of the Earth Nigeria.<br/><br/>Lawyers for both parties will plea at a key hearing in The Hague this coming October 11 2012, at 9:30am. The verdict is however, expected early in 2013. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Nnimmo Bassey</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>