Illegal Bunkering causes first Spill on Agip pipeline in Oruma Community, Nigeria


Oruma [now called Yeba Ama] is an Ijaw community in Ogbia Local Government Area of Bayelsa State. It is one of the communities upstream of the Kolo Creek. This community has facilities installed by Nigeria Agip Oil Company [Eni] and the Shell Petroleum Development Company [SPDC]. The pipelines of both companies run parallel to each other under the soil of this community, and at very close proximity, less than ten meters apart. However, while Shell has operated in the environment for a longer period and the community has also experienced some oil spills from Shell's pipelines, the Ogboinbiri/Ogoda Agip pipeline was laid sometime in 2007. Early May 2010 the first oil spill occurred on this pipeline run by Agip.

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Basic Data
NameIllegal Bunkering causes first Spill on Agip pipeline in Oruma Community, Nigeria
ProvinceBayelsa State
SiteOgbia Local Governmenment Area
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Oil and gas refining
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsUnknown
Project Area (in hectares)Unknown
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected PopulationUnknown
Start Date2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesNigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNigerian Department of Petroleum Resources,

Federal Ministry of Environment
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersERA/FOEN
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)UNKNOWN
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Groundwater pollution or depletion
OtherPoisoning related to pollution of soil and waters
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseThe oil spill occurred and Agip did not clean up the area.
Development of Alternatives That Agip should respect the Joint Inspection Visit report and mobilize to carry out proper cleanup of the impacted site.

The issue of illegal bunkering in the environment should be investigated

Agip should not only engage surveillance contractors from the immediate community, but ensure visibility along its pipeline in the environment. It is the responsibility of Agip to clear the grasses along its pipeline.

The innocent cannot continue to suffer in the name of a weak oil industry sabotage law. Agip should therefore initiate steps to compensate the victims, after proper assessment of the environmental impact/ damage.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.
Sources and Materials

Field Report #229: Illegal Bunkering Causes first spill on Agip pipeline in Oruma
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAfoke Ohwojeheri
Last update15/01/2015