Illegal Bunkering causes first Spill on Agip pipeline in Oruma Community, Nigeria

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Oruma [now called Yeba Ama] is an Ijaw community in Ogbia Local Government Area of Bayelsa State. It is one of the communities upstream of the Kolo Creek. This community has facilities installed by Nigeria Agip Oil Company [Eni] and the Shell Petroleum Development Company [SPDC]. The pipelines of both companies run parallel to each other under the soil of this community, and at very close proximity, less than ten meters apart. However, while Shell has operated in the environment for a longer period and the community has also experienced some oil spills from Shell's pipelines, the Ogboinbiri/Ogoda Agip pipeline was laid sometime in 2007. Early May 2010 the first oil spill occurred on this pipeline run by Agip. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">Illegal crude oil bunkering activities by unknown persons is alleged to be the cause of this incident. The community has a history of oil spills form Shell's facilities in the area and with this incident they reacted promptly by reaching out to the authorities and Agip to contain the situation. Even though the community was swift in their reaction to the news, Agip was slow to respond and although they had clamped the leaking spot, cleanup is yet to commence. <br/><br/>ERA's field monitor was in the community and was led to the recent oil spill site on the above date to ascertain the situation. Independent observations were made at the site and community leaders were interviewed on the subject matter, including the community's paramount ruler and youth president. Mr. Alali Efanga, who is also one of the Nigerian farmers that is currently suing Shell in the court in the Netherlands. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Illegal Bunkering causes first Spill on Agip pipeline in Oruma Community, Nigeria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/nigeria">Nigeria</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Bayelsa State</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Ogbia Local Governmenment Area</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>LOW country/state level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)<br /> Oil and gas exploration and extraction<br /> Oil and gas refining</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/crude-oil'>Crude oil</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">Unknown</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>Unknown</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>Unknown</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2010</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/nigeria-agip-oil-company'>Nigeria Agip Oil Company <small>(NAOC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a><br /><a href='/company/nigerian-national-petroleum-corporation'>Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation <small>(NNPC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Nigerian Department of Petroleum Resources,<br/><br/>Federal Ministry of Environment</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>ERA/FOEN</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>UNKNOWN</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>UNKNOWN</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Food insecurity (crop damage), Groundwater pollution or depletion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Poisoning related to pollution of soil and waters</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>The oil spill occurred and Agip did not clean up the area.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td> That Agip should respect the Joint Inspection Visit report and mobilize to carry out proper cleanup of the impacted site.<br/><br/> The issue of illegal bunkering in the environment should be investigated<br/><br/> Agip should not only engage surveillance contractors from the immediate community, but ensure visibility along its pipeline in the environment. It is the responsibility of Agip to clear the grasses along its pipeline.<br/><br/> The innocent cannot continue to suffer in the name of a weak oil industry sabotage law. Agip should therefore initiate steps to compensate the victims, after proper assessment of the environmental impact/ damage.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td> </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Field Report #229: Illegal Bunkering Causes first spill on Agip pipeline in Oruma<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Afoke Ohwojeheri</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>15/01/2015</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>