Illegal landfill in Martinaj village-Plav Gucinje, Montenegro

Description

With decision no. 0301­28/4, the municipal assembly of Plav on 23 November 2012 began determining the location to dump waste in the municipality of Plav. According to the official sheet that defines the spatial surfaces, cadastral parcels was No. 80, KO DOSUGJE II, no. 1/1/1, with 213,000 m2 of space. In fact, the actual location of the open landfill belongs to the village Martinaj space, parcel no. 900, Martinais 1, with a surface of 479,011 (twice as big). This proves misuse of the official cadastral Office and deception of the citizens for the construction of an illegitimate landfill with invalid documentation.

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Basic Data
NameIllegal landfill in Martinaj village-Plav Gucinje, Montenegro
CountryMontenegro
ProvincePlav-Gucinje in Montenegro
SiteMartinaj-Plav Gucinje municipality
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific CommoditiesDomestic municipal waste
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAccording to activists, the garbage dump includes all types of waste such as: strong base material substances originating from industry, organic waste, the materials of iron plasma bags, sanitary, metal, wood, organic bones, feces, containers of herbicides, etc. risking serious environmental pollution.

There is no official information about the quantity of waste dumped or operating costs.

In one form or another 10 thousand inhabitants are affected, while most endangered are villages: Martinaj, Dosudje, Zagraje, Hakaj, Kukaj, Cherry, Krusevo choline, Gusija, turned, Grncar, Vojno Selo and from the gases that are released, the Plav municipality itself.

Mixed population of rural and urban, nation: Albanian, Boshnjak, Montenegrin.
Project Area (in hectares)Surface 479,011 m2, Kodra Jerina-Martinaj, Zone 1
Level of Investment (in USD)No data available
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected PopulationUp to 10,000
Start Date11/2012
Company Names or State Enterprises Ndermarrja Komunale Publike dhe per Ceshtje Banesore from Montenegro
Ndermarrja per Perpunimin e Drurit DOO Alpet from Montenegro
Relevant government actorsMunicipality of Plav; Montenegro Police; Ministry of Health of Republic of Montenegro; Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Republic of Montenegro; Ministry for Spatial Planning and Environment of Republic of Montenegro; Environmental Protection Agency of Republic of Montenegro; Committee on Tourism, Agriculture and Environment of Republic of Montenegro.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmentally responsible Action Group, community and the engaged media.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Albanian ethnic miniority, Albanians in the diaspora
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires
Health ImpactsVisible: Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
OtherPsychological violence and heavy stress for the activists cause health impacts like heart arrhythmia and anxiety.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts, Militarization and increased police presence
OtherDesecration of cultural heritage
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Criminalization of activists
Development of AlternativesThe Committee against the landfill has appealed to all relevant institutions to prevent any further waste landfilling on the Kodra Jerina and to find another location where a modern sanitary landfill with an appropriate center for the treatment and recycling of waste can be built.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.We consider as a success only the fact that we have succeeded to inform public opinion about the current situation in Martinaj. But, we du not consider it as a success for the fact that in a country where the law is not respected, where the primary interest is the individual and not the State and citizen, where the will of the comunity is and violated his rights are breached by clans, groups an individuals, any citizen initiative can not be successfully in the case that this iniciative conflicts with their interests. We do not consider our steps as successful about the fact that these clans are related in to government corruption, and with falsified documents and mounted processes are violating the will of its citizens and are using the power of the majority over the minority, trampling fundamental human rights, for clean air, water and environment. And the future will show if this will be an environmental justice success for our community.
Sources and Materials
Links

Telegrafi
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Pas intervenimit te policisë,Malesoret kerkojnë ndihmë nga Tirana dhe Prishtina(video)
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Martinaj: Mbeturinat nga Berani okupojnë Kodrën e Jerinës
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Banorët e Martinajve të Plavës kundërshtojnë deponinë mbi fshat (video)
[click to view]

POLICIA MALAZEZE KA ARRESTUAR NAIM UJKAN PRELVUKAJ-MARTINI
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Në Martinaj, arrestohet Naim Prelvukaj
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Other Documents

Kodra Jerina
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Smoke by the dump in Martinaj
[click to view]

Other CommentsIn one form or the other over 10 thousand inhabitants are affected by the waste landfill pollution, and the villages mostly affected are: Martinaj, Dosudje, Zagraje, Hakaj, Kukaj, Cherry, Krusevo choline, Gusija, turned, Grncar, Vojno Selo and the Plav municipality itself.
Meta Information
ContributorCouncil for the Prevention of Construction of the Lanfill in Martinaj Naim Ujkan Prelvukaj-Martini, Coordinator. Email: [email protected]:00382/69-744-964 & 00386/49-723-888. Martinaj, Plave Gucinje, Montenegro
Last update10/09/2014
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