Orchards affected by the wall surrounding Qalqilya, West Bank


Description
Qalqilya, a city recognized as the West Bank’s "bread basket" has been suffering since August 2002 under Israeli government's plans to build a wall surrounding the city. The wall is not on the Israel border though, taking away land of the Occupied West Bank, and surrounding the city on 3 sides and leaving just a small access to it.
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Basic Data
NameOrchards affected by the wall surrounding Qalqilya, West Bank
CountryPalestine
ProvinceQalqilya Governorate
SiteQalqilya
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Water
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population50.000
Start Date01/06/2003
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Other Environmental impacts
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseLand demarcation
Migration/displacement
Repression
Development of AlternativesIt's difficult to imagine a solution to the problems created by the Wall without considering its total dismantling.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Sources and Materials
References

Hydropolitics along the Jordan River, Wolf A.
[click to view]

Power and Water in the Middle East: The Hidden Politics of the Palestinian ..., by Mark Zeitoun
[click to view]

Global Threats, Global Futures: Living with Declining Living Standards, by Thayer Scudde
[click to view]

Water and Conflict: Fresh Water Resources and International Security
Peter H. Gleick
[click to view]

Links

The mayor of Qalqilya explains the impact of Israel’s apartheid wall. 2003
[click to view]

Israel's wall in the Qalqilya district
[click to view]

Bad Fences Make Bad Neighbors: Focus on Qalqilya
[click to view]

Qalqilya and the wall
Susan Brannon 2002
[click to view]

Other Documents

Qalqilya 2
[click to view]

Qalqilya 3
[click to view]

Qalqilya 4
[click to view]

Example of Qalqilya's Losses Under Seige. 2005
[click to view]

Qalqilya 1
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJesus Marcos Gamero. Environmental Justice in Palestine Project. AlHaq / Heinrich Boll
Last update10/02/2015
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