Incinerator of Florence, Italy

The new incinerator in Florence, Italy is possibly going to start building in summer 2016. The project is dangerous and it has caused strong protests by civic and women's groups.

Under the solgan of "thermovalorization" (obtaining energy by burning wate) the Tuscan Region authority is planning to build one of the largest waste incinerators in Europe at Case Passerini, in the municipality of Sesto Fiorentino. Citizens have been informed that the kilns that will burn every kind of waste day and night will be totally harmless for people’s health.  The incinerator project has been discussed for over 15 years now. It would be built only 5 km away from the Dome and the Brunelleschi’s Cupola and it would have a severe impact with its 70 m high tower-smokestack. The area is alread the site of a big landfill that has a high impact on the environment and of the Florence airport, that is also supposed to be enlarged in order to become an intercontinental airport; this would obviously increase the amount of pollution on Florence and its surroundings. There is also the North entrance/exit of the highway, often very congested, and last but not least, not too far from there the new Florence’s Stadium will be built. The level of pollution in the area will skyrocket. And ironically enough that is the area declared a Natural Park only a few years ago and that received a significant economic investments from the local government.  There certainly are alternative solutions and the Municipality of Capannori, a town about 70 km from Florence, can prove it: thanks to the separate collection of waste, the recycling rates has reached the 82% of the total. The people are opposing to this project, alongside with opposing the building of a new international airport, which would increase pollution in the Piana of Florence. Opposition has been growing and tens of thousands of people marched in Florence on  May 14th 2016, in opposition to the incineration project. With over 200 groups supporting the action over 20,000 people turned out to express their opposition to the incinerator. Around the world campaigning groups and activists from Zero Waste and GAIA and other groups demonstrated their support for the people of Florence.The local group Mamme No Incineritore had a strong presence on the demonstration, presenting a powerful message of opposition by the Mothers of Florence to the incineration plans.
Basic Data
NameIncinerator of Florence, Italy
SiteSesto Fiorentino
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Incinerators
Waste privatisation conflicts / waste-picker access to waste
Specific CommoditiesDomestic municipal waste
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
The project is a so-called "waste to energy" project, that furthers the production of waste. The cost would be about 200 million euro. The tonnage would be 198.400 ton. per year, according to information in
See more...
Level of Investment (in USD)200,000,000
Type of PopulationUrban
Start Date01/01/2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesQUADRIFOGLIO S.p.a. (QUADRIFOGLIO S.p.a.) from Italy - 60% Actions of Q-THERMO
HERA S.p.a. (HERA S.p.a.) from Italy - 40% Actions Q-THERMO
Relevant government actorsGovernment of region of Tuscany
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMamme NO Inceneritore


Zero Waste Italy

The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingSocial movements
Local government/political parties
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Wastepickers, recyclers
Industrial workers
Informal workers
International ejos
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Global warming, Fires, Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Accidents, Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Loss of landscape/sense of place, Violations of human rights, Other socio-economic impacts, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (undecided)
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesZero Waste strategy -
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.There are complaints and demonstrations in 2016 but the projects has not (yet) been stopped.
Sources and Materials

Gruppo Hera
[click to view]

No Inceneritori campaign
[click to view]

Mamme NO Inceneritore, Alternative
[click to view]

[click to view]

Provincia Firenze, Rifiuti (includes also link to incineration project, 2013)
[click to view]

Crowdfunding campaign - "Che Aria Tira?" for the home building of air quality control units to place over the Florence area and to exchange with other environmental movements.
[click to view]

Media Links

Moms against incinerator
[click to view]

Banners in Florence against the incinerator
[click to view]

Other Documents

Inceneritore Case Passerini - Project
[click to view]

Protest in Florence 2
[click to view]

Protest in Florence
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorLorenzo Ciacciavicca, dis.forme, [email protected]
Last update14/08/2016