Intag mining, Junin, Ecuador

Description
El area de Intag esta ubicada en el canton Cotacachi, en la provincia de Imbabura, al noreste de Ecuador, es un pequeño valle en el cual se encuentran dispersas unas 76 comunidades rurales dedicadas basicamente a la agricultura.
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Basic Data
NameIntag mining, Junin, Ecuador
CountryEcuador
ProvinceImbabura
SiteCotacachi
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Land acquisition conflicts
Tailings from mines
Water access rights and entitlements
Project Details and Actors
Project Detailsmina a cielo abierto reservas 2,26 millones ton. cobre (Segun Ascendant Cooper, estas reservas estarian cerca de los 9 millones ton.)
Project Area (in hectares)7000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population37000
Start Date1991
Company Names or State EnterprisesCODELCO from Chile
Ascendant Copper from Canada
Empresa Nacional Minera del Ecuador (ENAMI) from Ecuador
Mitsubishi heavy industries from Japan
Relevant government actorsMinisterio de Energia y Minas , Municipio de Cotacachi
International and Financial InstitutionsWorld Bank (WB)
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) from Japan
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCoordinadora Zonal Intag, Comite Zonal Gestion Ambiental, Comite Zonal de Educacion, Coordinadora de Mujeres Intag, Consorcio Toison, Coordinadora de Jovenes de Intag, Organizacion ecologista DECOIN (Defensa Ecologica y Conservacion de Intag)., Asamblea de Unidad Cantonal de Cotacachi, Asamblea de Mujeres Populares y Diversas de Ecuador, Accion Ecologica
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Development of Alternatives- La Asociacion Agroartesanal de Caficultores Rio Intag surgio como una

propuesta a la mineria.

- Hidrointag es la propuesta de pequeñas represas para la generacion de energia hidroelectrica que cubran la demanda de los habitantes del Valle de Intag y sus alrededores.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.Sin embargo y pese a los acontecimientos surgidos y consecuente exito de

los pobladores en contra de la actividad minera, en 2012-14 la actividad

continua siendo una amenaza latente, puesto que Rafael Correa, presidente actual mantiene una politica extractivista mediante la cual se pretende que el pais ingrese en una etapa de mineria a gran escala
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Constitución Ecuatoriana

Prior Consultation International Treaty.

Mandato Minero
[click to view]

References

Fact Sheet, Ecuador Intag, EJOLT.

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Calidad del Agua en la zona de Intaga y su relacion con el Suelo, Knee K. y Encalada A. 2012

Evaluacion multicriterial de alternativas, Intag (UASB, Mariana Walter, Sara Latorre y otros, 2014).

Links

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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chávez
Last update03/05/2014
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