Itoiz dam, Spain

Description

En 2002 se llenó la represa de Itoiz tras diez años de lucha por impedirlo. Está situada en Navarra, en el río Irati en la cuenca del Ebro. El costo fue de más de 165 millones de euros, el propósito dar agua a Pamplona y regar 57 000 ha a través del Canal de Navarra que ha de tener 177 kms. Su capacidad es de 586 hm3.

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Basic Data
Name Itoiz dam, Spain
CountrySpain
ProvinceNavarra
SiteAoiz
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesWater
Electricity
Land
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsEmbalse de 586 hectómetros cúbicos, para derivar agua para la ciudad de Pamplona y para riegos. A cargo de la empresa mixta Canal de Navarra. Produce también 28 MW e electricidad. El canal ha de tener 177 km. La inversión total se acerca a 200 millones de euro, teniendo en cuenta las dos centrales eléctricas.
Project Area (in hectares)1100
Level of Investment (in USD)165,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population3000
Start Date1992
Company Names or State EnterprisesCanal de Navarra S.A. from Spain
Iberdrola from Spain
Relevant government actorsConfederación Hidrográfica del Ebro (CHE), Gobierno de Navarra, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Audiencia Nacional, Tribunal Supremo de España
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters[email protected] con Itoiz, Greenpeace, NuevaCultura del Agua
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationPublic campaigns
Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Blockades
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Sabotage
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Street protest/marches
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Development of alternative proposals
Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Groundwater pollution or depletion
OtherPotential geological, seismic risk
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Criminalization of activists
Court decision (undecided)
Migration/displacement
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The dam was built, some of the activists from [email protected] con Itoiz were sent to prison for long terms.
Sources and Materials
References

BEAUMONT, J.M., BEAUMONT, J.L., ARROJO, P. y BERNAL, E. "El embalse de Itoiz, la razón o el poder". Colección Nueva cultura del agua. Coagret. Bakeaz. Bilbao 1997.

Informe del geólogo Antonio Casas, riesgos geológicos
[click to view]

La nueva central a pie de presa de Itoiz, inaugurada en 2009 (Diario de Navarra, 3/3/ 20099
[click to view]

Seismic hazard assessment for the Itoiz dam site (Western Pyrenees, Spain), J. García-Mayordomoa, J.M. Insua-Arévalo. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering

Volume 31, Issue 7, July 2011, Pages 1051–1063
[click to view]

Links

Actions against the dam, video
[click to view]

Media Links

A 50 minute documentary on Itoiz
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJoan Martinez Alier
Last update30/06/2014
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