Jalaur River Multi-Purpose Project (JRMPP) Phase II Dam, Iloilo, Philippines

A “mega” dam in terms of economic costs, social and environmental impacts, but with few benefits, mainly for a small elite.


Description
The proposed “mega-dam” Jalaur River Multi-Purpose Project Phase II (JRMPP) may be termed “mega” due to its economic costs, social and environmental impacts and potential for environmental disasters; but it is a small dam project in terms of irrigated area and production capacity of only 6.6 MW. The project has received therefore large critics and protests, and is alleged to be likely related to corruption and private interests, rather than to the development of the region [1].
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Basic Data
NameJalaur River Multi-Purpose Project (JRMPP) Phase II Dam, Iloilo, Philippines
CountryPhilippines
ProvinceIloilo
SiteCalinog Municipality
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Land acquisition conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesLand
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
Project investment of 11.212 Billion Philippine Pesos (around 250 million USD) [4].
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Project Area (in hectares)unknown
Level of Investment (in USD)250,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population17,000 displaced
Start Date20/12/2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesNewington Builders, Inc. from Philippines - construction
Relevant government actorsGovernment of the Philippines; Senator Franklin Drilon; National Irrigation Authority (NIA); National Commission of Indigenous Peoples (NCIP); National Economic Development Authority (NEDA)
International and Financial InstitutionsGovernment of the Philippines from Philippines
Government of the Republic of Korea from Republic of Korea
Export-Import Bank of Korea (banking, finance, investment) from Republic of Korea
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPaghugpong sang mga Mangunguma sa Panay kag Guimaras (PAMANGGAS); Tumandok nga Mangunguma nga Nagapangapin sa Duta kag Kabuhi (TUMANDUK) Inc.; Bagong Alyansang Makabayan (BAYAN) – Panay; Dagsaw Panay-Guimaras Indigenous Peoples’ Network (PGIPNET); Promotion of Church Peoples’ Response (PCPR) – Panay; Bayan Muna – Panay; Jalaur River for the People Movement (JRPM); Oikos Ecological Movement; Scientist group Advocates of Science and Technology for the People (Agham); The Kalikasan People’s Network for the Environment (Kalikasan PNE); Jubilee South -Asia Pacific Movement on Debt & Development; Freedom from Debt Coalition, and others
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Religious groups
Farmers
Local ejos
Fishermen
Local government/political parties
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local scientists/professionals
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Pastoralists
Indigenous Tumandoks, indigenous Panay Bukidnon
Forms of MobilizationAppeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Development of a network/collective action
Public campaigns
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Blockades
Refusal of compensation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Objections to the EIA
Street protest/marches
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Development of alternative proposals
Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Malnutrition, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Infectious diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Corruption
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Migration/displacement
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Development of AlternativesAs published by a coalition of local groups opposing the project [10].

"To summarize, we oppose the JRMPII because:

It poses great danger to the lives and livelihood of affected communities upstream and downstream of the project.

It violates the indigenous people’s right to give or deny consent to projects in their ancestral domain and dislocates a big number of indigenous families .

The tremendously large amount of public capital investment does not justify the avowed benefits and is fraught with risks.

It plans to privatize water, a very important common resource which is part of our national patrimony.

The Php11.2billion investment in the JRMPII will be better used to:

Build small dams and rehabilitate existing irrigation systems which are less risky.

Provide assistance of farm inputs, equipment and credit facilities to farmers.

Rehabilitation and improvement of flood control measures in flood prone areas.

We support the Bayan Muna House Resolution No. 323 titled RESOLUTION FOR THE COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES TO CONDUCT AN ONSITE INVESTIGATION, IN AID OF LEGISLATION, ON THE VIABILITY AND DISASTER VULNERABILITIES OF THE JALAUR RIVER MULTIPURPOSE PROJECT STAGE II (JRMP), TO BE SITUATED ON TOP OF THE WEST PANAY FAULT WHICH IS AN ACTIVE FAULT AND THUS THREATENS THE LIVES AND LIVELIHOOD OF THE PEOPLE AND OTHER AFFECTED COMMUNITIES IN THE EVENT OF A MAJOR DISASTER, filed on September 24, 2012."
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.It seems that the project will go on.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

The Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997 (IPRA)
[click to view]

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 2651 - AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE JALAUR MULTI-PURPOSE PROJECT IN THE PROVINCE OF ILOILO AND GOVERNING ITS OPERATION AFTER ITS COMPLETION
[click to view]

Links

[1] The Philippine Star online (02/11/2013): "Killer dam" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[3] Senate of the Philippines Press Release (04/01/2012): "Drilon: Jalaur River Multi-Purpose Project II to create 17,000 jobs in Iloilo" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[4] AGHAM online (5/08/2014): "Group reiterates call to halt Jalaur Dam Project implementation" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[11] The Manila Bulletin online (12/02/2015): "Gov’t intervenes for mega dam project-affected communities" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[2] InterAksyon online (22/05/2015): "Construction of P11.2-B dam project in Iloilo to start in November: Drilon" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[5] Kalikasan PNE Press Release (10/07/2015): "Kalikasan PNE: DAP-funded Jalaur Mega Dam project is environmentally destructive, hazardous" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[6] International Coalition for Human Rights in the Philippines News Release (01/04/2014): "Jalaur River for the People Movement questions irrigation canal construction" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[7] Jalaur River for the People Movement Statement on the Celebration of Earth Day (27.04.2015) (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[8] Asia Pacific Movement on Debt & Development: "Protesters call on Koreans to stop funding dangerous, climate-damaging Jalaur dam" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[9] Panay News online (16/02/2015): "Syjuco funding anti-dam protests – Calinog mayor" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[10] Position Paper Against the Jalaur River Multipurpose Project II (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[12] Briefing Paper on the Jalaur River Multipurpose Project Phase 2 (JRMPII); Released by the Jalaur River for the People Movement (JRPM); November 2012 (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

[13] Journal Online (01/12/2014): "Court junks request of TEPO for Jalaur mega dam" (accessed 26/05/2015)
[click to view]

Media Links

Facebook page against the dam
[click to view]

Short video on the impacts of the dam
[click to view]

Other Documents

Protests Source: http://www.khis.or.kr/spaceBBS/bbs.asp?act=read&bbs=en_board&no=133&ncount=131&s_text=&s_title=&pageno=1&basic_url=
[click to view]

Jalaur River Source: https://jeyaye.wordpress.com/2012/11/22/the-jalaur-mega-dam-and-the-lives-of-the-people/
[click to view]

Dam as planned Source: http://www.kalikasan.net/press-release/2014/07/10/kalikasan-pne-dap-funded-jalaur-mega-dam-project-environmentally
[click to view]

Loss of indigenous culture Source: https://www.facebook.com/pages/No-to-Jalaur-Mega-Dam-Project/338778972923935
[click to view]

Protesters call on Korea to stop funding the dam Source: http://apmdd.org/reclaim-power-2014/69-news/276-protesters-call-on-koreans-to-stop-funding-dangerous-climate-damaging-jalaur-dam
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorA. Scheidel (ICTA-UAB) / arnim "dot" scheidel "at" gmail "dot" com
Last update28/05/2015
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