Kuzguncuk Vegetable Gardens, Turkey

Description

Kuzguncuk Vegetable Garden or Ilias Vegetable Garden as the locals know it, is a 16,5 decare land located at the heart of Kuzguncuk quarter that has gradually lost its vegetable garden characteristic but is maintained as a green space. Its 300/360 share ratio was transferred to the General Directorate of Foundations in 1966 and the remaining 60/360 share in 1977. There is no clear information regarding this ownership transfer process. The land title is registered as vegetable garden with a shack.

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Basic Data
NameKuzguncuk Vegetable Gardens, Turkey
CountryTurkey
SiteKuzguncuk, Uskudar, Istanbul
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Urban development conflicts
Establishment of reserves/national parks
Specific CommoditiesFruits and Vegetables
Biological resources
Land
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)1.64
Type of PopulationUrban
Start Date1986
Company Names or State EnterprisesTurkish Republic General Directorate of Foundations from Turkey
Relevant government actorsTurkish Republic General Directorate of Foundations, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Bosphorus Development Directorate, Turkish Republic Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Istanbul Cultural and Natural Heritage Preservation Board Directorate numbered 6
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAssociation of Kuzguncuk Community, Istanbul Chamber of City Planners
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Trade chambers
Forms of MobilizationBoycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Otherloss of cultural heritage
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseLand demarcation
Strengthening of participation
Fostering a culture of peace
Development of AlternativesArchitects from Kuzguncuk have developed an alternative project to that of the General Directorate of Foundations in which the vegetable garden is opened up to the Kuzguncuk communitys use in a variety of aspects. This project can be seen at the following link (Turkish): http://www.kahramanbostan.org/metin/bostana.pdf

This project has been presented to the Cultural Heritage Preservation Board numbered 6.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.Even though the conflict is ongoing, the 1992 and 2000 initiatives resulted in two successes. However, it can be observed that this success is temporary. For this reason, necessary preparations are ongoing at the legal level as well as regarding alternative projects in order to achieve a permanent solution.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Bosphorus Building Code numbered 2960, relevant development/construction regulations

Links

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Radikal (Newspaper in Turkish):
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Meta Information
ContributorNeset Kutlug on behalf of BOG
Last update08/04/2014
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