Kynnefjäll, Nuclear Waste Storage, Bohuslän, Sweden

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">During the 1970s and 80s, the Swedish government was looking for a place for the final storage of nuclear waste and carried out test drillings in different parts of Sweden in an attempt to find a suitable location. In many of these locations, the test drillings were met with resistance and one of these locations were the mountain Kynnefjäll in Bohuslän. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> On the 21st of April in 1980, a protest against nuclear waste storage in Kynnefjäll started in northern Bohuslän. This marked the beginning of a historic case as the action group Rädda Kynnefjäll started what would become a 20 long protection surveillance. A tiny cottage was built where, on a rotating schedule, a minimum of two people have been guarding the mountain every day and night for 20 years. This has been declared by the Guinness World Records as the longest protest act in history. <br/><br/> On the 8th of February in 2000, the Swedish government declared that Kynnefjäll is no longer of interest as a potential final storage for Swedish nuclear waste and the action group had thus succeeded in its mission. (1, 2, 3, 4)<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Kynnefjäll, Nuclear Waste Storage, Bohuslän, Sweden</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/sweden">Sweden</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Bohuslän</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Hedekas</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Nuclear</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Nuclear waste storage</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td>Nuclear Waste<br /><a href='/commodity/industrial-waste'>Industrial waste</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">The amount of nuclear waste in Sweden from the three nuclear power plants Ringhals, Forsmark and Oskarshamn, has over 60 years accumulated to 12,000 tonnes. (1)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/svensk-karnbranslehantering-ab'>Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Programrådet för radioaktivt avfall (PRAV) (governmental agency that discontinued in 1981, SKB took over the mission), Swedish ministry of the environment, Kärnavfallsrådet </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Rädda Kynnefjäll (no website), The national network Avfallskedjan, http://www.avfallskedjan.se/public/index.php</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Blockades<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Land occupation<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Unknown environmental risks related to a 100,000 year long storage of nuclear waste in the ground.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Project cancelled<br /> Government announced that Kynnefjäll is no longer a potential place of interest for nuclear waste storage.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Thanks to the dedication and persistence of the actiongroup Rädda Kynnefjäll and their guarding of Kynnefjäll for almost 20 years, there will be no nuclear waste storage in the area.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Law 1984:3 (om kärnteknisk verksamhet), <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.notisum.se/rnp/sls/lag/19840003.HTM" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> (3) RÄDDA KYNNEFJÄLL, Visual Arkiv, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.visualarkiv.se/xtf/view?docId=SE/O008/BFA/860-1.ead.xml&doc.view=entire_text" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Miljörörelsen, Fältbiologen, 2/2003, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://nonuclear.se/files/jaatinen2003faltbiologen_kynnefjall.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> (1) Avfallsfrågan ännu olöst, Fokus,<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.fokus.se/2009/02/avfallsfragan-annu-olost/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> (2) Kynnefjällsväktarna kämpar vidare, Bohusläningen,<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.bjerde.se/index.php/kynnefjallsvaktarna-kampar-vidare/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> (4) Kynnefjäll – en seger för<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Linda Dubec</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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