Lago Lleu lleu, Chile

Description
El Lago Lleu lleu se encuentra en la Region del Biobio a unos 150 Km al sur de Concepcion. En 2003, el empresario Jaime Troncoso consiguio socios de la compañia mexicana Manto Rojo, con el fin de explotar los minerales denominados tierras raras, entre estas, rutilo, vanadio y escandio, que se habian detectado años antes en las inmediaciones del lago y los territorios mapuches aledaños.
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Basic Data
NameLago Lleu lleu, Chile
CountryChile
ProvinceBiobio
SiteArauco
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Mineral ore exploration
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesRare metals
Iron ore
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsRutilo Vanadio Escandio
Project Area (in hectares)2800
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesManto Rojo
Relevant government actorsMunicipio de Contulmo, Municipio de Conadi, Fiscalia de Cañete
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersComunidades Mapuches
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Threats to use arms
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Withdrawal of company/investment
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.La resistencia de las comunidades indigenas Mapuche determino que la empresa finalmente desista de sus aspiraciones, sin embargo un nuevo peligro

relacionado con extraccion de hierro podria levantar nuevas luchas.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Convenio 169 de la OIT
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References

Centro de Documentacion Mapuche

Web Organizacion Mapuche Meli Wixan Mapu

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Links

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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez y Joan Martinez Alier
Last update08/04/2014
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