Laguna Verde, Mexico

Description
Laguna Verde is the largest nuclear power generating facility in Mexico. It includes two nuclear power plants (Laguna Verde and Laguna Verde II), of 805 MW each.
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Basic Data
NameLaguna Verde, Mexico
CountryMexico
ProvinceVeracruz
SiteAlto Lucero de Gutierrez Barrio
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
Two boiling-water reactors fueled with enriched uranium, of 800 MW power each.
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Level of Investment (in USD)3,500,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date1987
Company Names or State EnterprisesComisión Federal de Electricidad (CFE) from Mexico
Relevant government actorsComisión Federal de Electricidad (CFE), Secretaría de Desarrollo Urbano y Ecología (SEDUE), Secretaría de Energía, Minas e Industria Paraestatal (SEMIP), Comisión Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGrupo Antinuclear de Madres Veracruzanas, Asamblea Veracruzana de Iniciativas y Defensa Ambiental (LAVIDA), Greenpeace Mexico, Pacto de Ecologistas, Movimiento Ecologista Mexicano -101 organizations-, Alianza Ecologista, Grupo de los Cien (artists and intellectuals), dirigentes de la Iglesia católica en Veracruz
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingIndustrial workers
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Boycotts of companies-products
Alternative cost-benefit analysis
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Other Environmental impacts
OtherRisk from nuclear contamination
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Specific impacts on women
OtherWomen felt threatened, the group Veracruz Mothers became very active
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The nuclear plants are in operation, however no other nuclear plant has been built in Mexico. Opponets have argued that, apart from nuclear risks, the country has a surplus of energy (oil exports).
Sources and Materials
References

Article by Carlos Navarro
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Polémica sobre Laguna Verde, detallado estudio
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OLCA, historia de Laguna Verde
[click to view]

Foro de discusión sobre energía nuclear en México
[click to view]

Links

Al calor politico, 2013, Fracasa repotenciación de Laguna Verde; culpan a exgerente Fernández de la Garza
[click to view]

Debate, CNN, después de Fukushima
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CFE, 2011, Resumen Ejecutivo
[click to view]

Meta Information
Last update17/06/2014
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