Lamu Cordisons Wind Power Project, Kenya.

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">Cordisons International (K) Ltd intends to implement a Wind Power project in Lamu County. The proposed sites for windfarms include: Lake Moa, Kiongwe, Pate Island and Kiangwe. In May 2013 an EIA for the project was submitted to NEMA, which Nature Kenya forwarded comments on. Nature Kenya’s main concerns were that the EIA was inadequate and certain issues in it needed to be addressed prior to its approval and also during project implementation. Some of the recommendations that were put forward included: the need to carry out detailed biodiversity surveys and set baselines; adopt avian safe wind farm design and turbine placement; and develop and implement a biodiversity monitoring framework. However the EIA was approved without incorporating these recommendations and implementation of the project has already begun. Land rights are also a potentially very conflictive issue in the Lamu region, as the large majority of the population does not have title to the lands they occupy. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Lamu Cordisons Wind Power Project, Kenya.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/kenya">Kenya</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Coast Region</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Lamu</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Other<br /> Windmills</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/electricity'>Electricity</a><br />Wind </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">Cordisons International (K) Ltd intends to implement a Wind Power project in Lamu County.The proposed wind farm facility will be located in Moa, Kiongwe, Mtagwanda and Kiangwe trust lands measuring 60,000 acres about 16.7 km from Lamu town. The Project aims to provide 300MW of reliable, low cost wind power to the Kenya national grid. Cordisons received a license for potential development of the project from the Ministry of Energy. It is expected to become operational in 2015, though construction has already begun. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>24,281</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>300,000 - 500.000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/cordisons-international-ltd'>Cordisons International Ltd</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/kenya'><small>Kenya</small></a> - <small> a member of West Texas Wind Energy Clearinghouse</small><br /><a href='/company/west-texas-wind-energy-clearinghouse'>West Texas Wind Energy Clearinghouse</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/united-states-of-america'><small>United States of America </small></a><br /><a href='/company/electric-power-engineers'>Electric Power Engineers</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/united-states-of-america'><small>United States of America </small></a><br /><a href='/company/ditte-isa'>ditte ISA </a> from <a href='/country-of-company/italy'><small>Italy</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Kenya Electricity Transmission Company Ltd , Ministry of Energy, National Environment Management Authority</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Nature Kenya, East African Wildlife Society, BirdLife International, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> International ejos<br /> Local ejos</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Objections to the EIA</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Bird Strikes /Bird mortality</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Under construction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>EIA approved without incorporating proposed recommendations</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Nature Kenyas recommendations:<br/><br/>- Carry out detailed biodiversity surveys and set baselines <br/><br/>-Adopt avian safe wind farm design and turbine placement<br/><br/>-Develop and implement a biodiversity monitoring framework for the project<br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Nature Kenya put forward recomendations to be incorporated in the EIA before approval and implementation of the project. However, the EIA was approved regardless of these recommendations and project implementation has already begun.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Environmental Management and Coordination Act; Energy Act; Forest Act<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.epeconsulting.com/clients.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.cordisons.com/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.kenyalaw.org/newsletter1/20130518.php" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Serah Munguti</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>24/06/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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