Lamu Cordisons Wind Power Project, Kenya.

Description
Cordisons International (K) Ltd intends to implement a Wind Power project in Lamu County. The proposed sites for windfarms include: Lake Moa, Kiongwe, Pate Island and Kiangwe. In May 2013 an EIA for the project was submitted to NEMA, which Nature Kenya forwarded comments on. Nature Kenya’s main concerns were that the EIA was inadequate and certain issues in it needed to be addressed prior to its approval and also during project implementation. Some of the recommendations that were put forward included: the need to carry out detailed biodiversity surveys and set baselines; adopt avian safe wind farm design and turbine placement; and develop and implement a biodiversity monitoring framework. However the EIA was approved without incorporating these recommendations and implementation of the project has already begun. Land rights are also a potentially very conflictive issue in the Lamu region, as the large majority of the population does not have title to the lands they occupy.

Basic Data
NameLamu Cordisons Wind Power Project, Kenya.
CountryKenya
ProvinceCoast Region
SiteLamu
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Other
Windmills
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Wind
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsCordisons International (K) Ltd intends to implement a Wind Power project in Lamu County.The proposed wind farm facility will be located in Moa, Kiongwe, Mtagwanda and Kiangwe trust lands measuring 60,000 acres about 16.7 km from Lamu town. The Project aims to provide 300MW of reliable, low cost wind power to the Kenya national grid. Cordisons received a license for potential development of the project from the Ministry of Energy. It is expected to become operational in 2015, though construction has already begun.

Project Area (in hectares)24,281
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population300,000 - 500.000
Company Names or State EnterprisesCordisons International Ltd from Kenya - a member of West Texas Wind Energy Clearinghouse
West Texas Wind Energy Clearinghouse from United States of America
Electric Power Engineers from United States of America
ditte ISA from Italy
Relevant government actorsKenya Electricity Transmission Company Ltd , Ministry of Energy, National Environment Management Authority
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNature Kenya, East African Wildlife Society, BirdLife International, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationObjections to the EIA
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
OtherBird Strikes /Bird mortality
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEIA approved without incorporating proposed recommendations
Development of AlternativesNature Kenyas recommendations:

- Carry out detailed biodiversity surveys and set baselines

-Adopt avian safe wind farm design and turbine placement

-Develop and implement a biodiversity monitoring framework for the project

Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Nature Kenya put forward recomendations to be incorporated in the EIA before approval and implementation of the project. However, the EIA was approved regardless of these recommendations and project implementation has already begun.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Environmental Management and Coordination Act; Energy Act; Forest Act

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Meta Information
ContributorSerah Munguti
Last update24/06/2014
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