Land conflict from tourism development in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

In 2018, a man from Patiala Bawa village and againsts the hotel/resort project was shot down and died during protests on the land-marking activity in West Sumba, Indonesia.


Description

PT Sutera Marosi Kharisma and PT Sukses Graha Pertama are planning to build a hotel on the area Patiala Bawa village, Marosi beach in West Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara. According to the company’s attorney, Ronny LD Janis, they had acquired the right to use the land from 1994 until 2025 [1]. However, the monetary crisis hit Indonesia in 1998 thus, their project development was postponed. In 2016 the investors wanted to build a hotel and villa to develop the local economy [1], and Sukses Graha Pertama claimed to have Freehold Title (Hak Guna Usaha) [5]. On February 9th 2018, Sutera Marosi was planning to continue its development but the local community of Patiala Bawa village resisted this plan because they questioned its legality since 2016. The conflicted land is used by the people for an annual ritual called Pasola that it is impossible that the land was for sale stated by Paulus Dwiyaminata who is the attorney of Patiala Bawa village community [3]. As mentioned by Ronny, there was no conflict in the case as PT Sutera Marosi Kharisma owned Building Rights Title Number 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7; with the total area of 50 hectares [1]. Meanwhile, the local community mentioned that the investors have 200 hectares spread over seven fields [2].

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Basic Data
NameLand conflict from tourism development in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceEast Nusa Tenggara
SiteWest Sumba Regency
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Tourism Recreation
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific CommoditiesTourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsPT Sutera Marosi Kharisma and PT Sukses Graha Pertama are planning to build a hotel on the area Patiala Bawa village, Marosi beach in West Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara.

The project would occupy 50 hectares according to the companies and 200 Ha according to the local communities.
Project Area (in hectares)200
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population17.481
Start Date2016
Company Names or State EnterprisesPT Sutera Marosi Kharisma - Investor
PT Sukses Graha Pertama - Investor
Relevant government actorsThe Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/National Land Agency (ATR/BPN)

East Nusa Tenggara Police

Mobile Brigade (BRIMOB)

Indonesian Military (TNI)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersWahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI), https://walhi.or.id/
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Strikes
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Militarization and increased police presence
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseDeaths
Violent targeting of activists
On April 25th 2018, Poroduka, a 45 years old man from Patiala Bawa village, was shot to death by the police.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.There have not been any updates in the media regarding the hotel project. On April 25th 2018, Poroduka, a 45 years old man from Patiala Bawa village, was shot to death by the police. And the Police did not take any responsability of that.
Sources and Materials
References

[1] Chronology of the land conflict which caused a resident in East Nusa Tenggara
[click to view]

[2] Village chief testament when the police shot a resident in Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara
[click to view]

[4] Land marking activity, the military and police were attacked, one resident died
[click to view]

[3] Poroduka died in the middle of the agrarian conflict in West Sumba
[click to view]

Press release: The State Shall Stop the Terror of Death and Violence against Environment Defender and Agrarian Fighter in Indonesia
[click to view]

[6] The police in East Nusa Tenggara investigae the gunshot in Sumba
[click to view]

[7] The chronology of Poroduka's death in the Marosi beach of West Sumba
[click to view]

[8] Police shot down a resident who resisted the land marking activity in Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara
[click to view]

Links

Chronology of the violent conflict
[click to view]

WALHI press release
[click to view]

Four points from the warning letter to Patiala Bawa village chief from the regent of West Sumba
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorMade Sania Saraswati
Last update30/11/2018
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