Land grabbing for agro-business by Senegindia SARL, community of Diokoul, Senegal

Peasants are mobilising against land dispossession by the Indian company Senegindia SARL. They accuse the enterprise and local authorities to give away their lands without their consent, and oppose to the agro-business project.


Description

En Français ci-dessous ---- Senegindia SARL received a lease for the 1,000-hectare concession in the community of Diokoul by the Municipal Council on 23rd June 2016. The project implies the intensive exploitation of land to produce potatoes. The affected population is still mobilizing against the forced displacement of peasants and pastoralists. They accuse Senegindia and the Municipal Council of giving their lands away to a private enterprise without consulting them.

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Basic Data
NameLand grabbing for agro-business by Senegindia SARL, community of Diokoul, Senegal
CountrySenegal
ProvinceDepartment of Kébémer in the region of Louga
SiteDiokul Diawrigne
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Potatoes
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsEn Français ci-dessous ---- Senegindia SARL [1] is a private company with Indian capital born in 2008 and operating in Senegal. It works in the real-estate market and intensive agriculture. It received the concession of 1000ha in the community of Diokoul by the municipality Council through a lease in 2016. The company has been highly contested for land grabbing, due to the lack of consent by local populations. They intended to invest 29 billions CFA (44 millions euro) for an intensive production of 45.000 tons of potatoes per year. [2] They are already exploiting 5.000ha in Richard Toll (Saint Louis, Senegal) [3], a very fertile area in the North of the country (Senegindia website), where they invested 40 billions CFA (44 million euro). This zone is strongly exploited by other foreign companies (e.g. Senhuil-Senethanol,…) due to its proximity to the Senegal River. –------------------- Français ---------------------- Senegindia SARL [1] est une entreprise aux capitaux indiens née en 2008 et opérant au Sénégal, qui travaille dans le marché immobilier et dans l'agriculture intensive. En 2016 elle a reçu une concession de 1000 hectares dans la commune de Diokoul par le conseil municipal au travers d’un bail. L’entreprise a été fortement critiquée pour s’être accaparée des terres, étant donné lea manque de consentement des populations locales. Elles avaient l'intention d'investir 29 milliards de FCFA (44 millions d'euros) pour une production intensive de 45 000 tonnes de pommes de terre par an. [2] Au Sénégal, l’entreprise exploite déjà 5.000ha à Richard Toll (Saint Louis) [3], une zone très fertile dans le nord du pays, où elle a investi 40 milliards de CFA (44 millions d'euros). Cette zone est fortement exploitée par d'autres entreprises étrangères (par exemple, Senhuil-Senethanol, …), du à sa proximité avec le fleuve Sénégal. ---------- References

[1] http://senegindia.com/

[2] http://laviesenegalaise.com/le-senegal-va-beneficier-dun-projet-agricole-de-29-milliards-de-f-cfa-par-senegindia

[3] http://senegindia.com/agriculture-project/
Project Area (in hectares)1,000
Level of Investment (in USD)52,000,000.00
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date23/06/2016
Company Names or State EnterprisesSenegindia SARL (Senegindia) from India
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersForum Social sénégalais - https://www.facebook.com/ForumSocialSenegalais/

La Convergence globale des luttes pour la terre et l’eau

ENDA PRONAT - http://www.endapronat.org/index.php?lang=fr

COPAGEN (Coalition pour la Protection du Patrimoine Génétique Africain) SENEGAL - http://copagen.org/

CCPA (Cadre de Concertation des Producteuyrs d’Arachide) - http://www.ccpa-senegal.org/

GRAIN - http://www.grain.org/
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Pastoralists
Women
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage)
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Project temporarily suspended
Development of AlternativesProtesters want Senegindia to stop the industrial agricultural project and leave their lands. EJOs like Enda Pronat support and encourage family agriculture against industrial monoculture. They are asking for a land reform that can protect local peasant and secure their access to land against big enterprises.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Notwithstanding the resolution of the High Court against the project, Senegindia has not left the land. Mass protests are continuing.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Decree n. 72-1288 (27th October 1972) of assignment and decomminssioning of lands of the National Domain
[click to view]

law 64-46 (17th June 1964) on the National Domain
[click to view]

Links

High Court resolution - "Litige foncier de Diokoul Diawrigne: les populations brandissent un arrêté de la Cour suprême" Dakarposte
[click to view]

Women menaces to immaculate - "Diokoul (Sénégal) dit NON au bradage de leurs terres agricoles aux multinationales", seneleaks.com 24/06/2017
[click to view]

"Le Sénégal va bénéficier d’un projet agricole de 29 milliards de F CFA par Senegindia" - laviesenegalaise.com, 27/03/2017
[click to view]

Mainstream newspaper - "Commune de Diokoul : Toujours pas de consensus sur le projet agricole de Senegindia" Abdoulaye DIALLO 21/07/2017
[click to view]

Good summary of the conflict (italian), "Diokoul, in lotta per la terra" Marta Gatti, 10/07/2017
[click to view]

Detention of 5 activists - "6 mois avec sursis pour les 6 membres du collectif des agriculteurs", Cherif Faye, 26/01/2017
[click to view]

High Court resolution text - 22 December 2016)
[click to view]

Protests June 2017 - "Litige foncier de Diokoul Diawrigne: les populations brandissent un arrêté de la Cour suprême", dakarposte.com
[click to view]

Media Links

Declaration against detention of 5 activists
[click to view]

Other Documents

Progress of Senegindia land-grab in Diokoul by Sudonline - http://www.sudonline.sn/6-mois-avec-sursis-pour-les-6-membres-du-collectif-des-agriculteurs_a_33256.html
[click to view]

Protests on 8th September 2016 against Senegindia land-grabbing by Guillaume Thibault (Rfi) - from http://www.giustiziambientale.org/diokoul-in-lotta-per-la-terra/
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorFulvia Ferri and Camila Rolando Mazzuca
Last update03/11/2017
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