GMO Maize, Mexico

Court has banned GMO maize in Mexico but remains to be seen whether the ruling will withstand the incursion of the biotech companies to defend the 20,000 local varieties of Maize.


Description
One of the most important aggressions Mexican farmers are currently facing is the push to introduce GMOs into the country, in particular maize. Maize is by far the most important crop for Mexicans, not only because it the largest part of their diet, but also because it is central in the culture and life of peasant and indigenous communities. Although Mexico is presented as a great example of agricultural modernisation under the Green Revolution, farmers continue to use their own native seeds for 80% of maize grown in the country. This is despite 20 years of the North America Free Trade Agreement that has gone far in imposing an industrial model for agriculture and the privatisation of resources.
See more...
Basic Data
NameGMO Maize, Mexico
CountryMexico
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Specific CommoditiesCorn/Maize
seeds
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date01/01/2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesMonsanto Corporation (Monsanto Co) from United States of America
Dow Chemical Company from United States of America
Dupont from United States of America
Relevant government actorsSecretary of Agriculture, SEMARNAT (Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAcción Colectiva, Greenpeace Mexico, Via Campesina
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Landless peasants
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Strikes
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Genetic contamination
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
Moratoria
Project temporarily suspended
In October 2013 a judge ordered a temporary halt to any new GMO corn permits accepting a lawsuit brought by opponents of the crop.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Sources and Materials
Legislations

United Nations Convention on Biodiversity (CBD)
Ley Federal de Variedades Vegetales; Ley Federal de Producción, Certificación y Comercio de Semillas; Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Producción, Certificación y Comercio de Semillas

International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV)
Ley Federal de Variedades Vegetales; Ley Federal de Producción, Certificación y Comercio de Semillas; Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Producción, Certificación y Comercio de Semillas
[click to view]

References

The criminalisation of peasant seeds: How farmers are resisting
La Via Campesina and GRAIN
2015

Past and future collide as Mexico fights over GMO corn, Reuters
[click to view]

Other Documents

Source: http://www.schoolsforchiapas.org/store/coffee-corn-and-agricultural/gmo-free-zapatista-seed-corn/
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorEJOLT Team
Last update27/07/2015
Comments