Law for the Protection of Iberian Wolves, Spain


At the beginning of the twentieth century, wolves lived in most of Spain. As in the rest of Europe, however, wolves were persecuted and were soon relegated to only the wildest places, facing almost extinction during the 1970s. Thereafter, increased tolerance and the development of certain economic factors facilitated the recovery of the species. Also, the raising of social awareness on environmental issues and the tremendous development of environmental policy during the following decades, has allowed wolves to recover and develop a slow but progressive expansion process throughout some areas of Spain.

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Basic Data
NameLaw for the Protection of Iberian Wolves, Spain
ProvinceCastilla y León, Asturias, Galicia, Andalucía and Basque Country. Also, La Rioja, Castilla La Mancha and Catalonia, or even Aragon are also regions which could be considered as wolf range nowadays.
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Other
Specific Commodities
Live Animals
Biological resources
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Relevant government actorsAsturias Regional government, Castilla y León Regional Governement, Galician Regional government, Cantabrian Regional Governement, Ministry of Environment, European Parliament
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPlataforma Ciudadana Lobo Marley, Ecologistas en Acción, Acción Lobo, Grupo para el estudio y la defensa de la montaña oriental leonesa, Ciconia, Rómulo y Remo, SECEM (Sociedad Española para la Conservación y Estudio de los Mamíferos, Spanish Society for Conservation and Study of Mammals), WWF (ADENA), Observatorio Justicia y Defensa Animal, EQUO, European Green Members of the European Parliament, Grupo Lobo de Euskadi
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
- animal rights activists
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
- use of social networks to mobilise supporters
- Appeal to the Petitions Committee of the European Parliament
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Potential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Negotiated alternative solution
New legislation
Development of Alternatives- Policies should be much more focused on prevention of the attacks, e.g subsidies to put fences, to grant subsidies to breed and buy typical mountain dogs to protect the cattle animals (these traditional dogs are bigger and can face wolves).

- Have a better control of cattle farmers who cheat in order to get compensations for wolf attacks.

- Improve conservation policies so protection of wolves is compatible with cattle farming.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The Regions in Spain are still oficially allowing wolves to be killed.
Sources and Materials

artículo: El hábitat del lobo: la importancia de los aspectos ecológicos y socioeconómicos.
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Web: Lobo: el malo de los cuentos ahora es víctima en España:
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newspaper article: Viudez, J. (13/01/2014) ¿Podemos cambiar el cuento del lobo? El Pais:
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newspaper article: Silva, R. (13/1/2014). El lobo en Castilla y León. El Pais:
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newspaper article: Los ecologistas dicen que los ataques de lobos afectan a menos del 0,1 % del ganado. Diario de León:
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newspaper article: Bollero, D. (21/8/2009). El lobo, reclamo del turismo responsable. Público:
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newspaper article: Europapress. (12/4/2013). La caza ilegal de lobos al sur del Duero enfrenta a ecologistas y administración. La Vanguardia:
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Video: Good explanation of the conflict. Lobo Marley y los enemigos del Lobo Ibérico:
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Asociación para la Conservación y Estudio del lobo ibérico, ASCEL
[click to view]

Other CommentsAmaranta Herrero
Meta Information
ContributorAmaranta Herrero
Last update03/05/2014