Legal Recognition of Creole Seeds, Brazil

Farmers win recognition of peasant seeds but battle against "Terminator" and WTO still looms


Description
As a result of decades of farmers’ struggle in Brazil for access to land and food sovereignty, a National Policy for Agroecology and Organic Production was adopted in 2012, explicitly recognising the role of peasants’ own ‘creole’ seeds. In addition, since 2003, a national Program for Food Acquisition has given Brazilian farmers an important avenue for developing their own seed systems. Although it is not legal to sell seeds in Brazil unless they are certified, through this program the government buys creole seeds directly from farmers and then provides them to other farmers at no cost, thereby foregoing the market.
See more...
Basic Data
NameLegal Recognition of Creole Seeds, Brazil
CountryBrazil
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)GMOs
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Biopiracy and bio-prospection
Specific CommoditiesFruits and Vegetables
Corn/Maize
Seeds, beans and forage crops
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2003
Company Names or State EnterprisesMonsanto Corporation (Monsanto Co) from United States of America
Relevant government actorsNational Plan on Agroecology and Organic Production
International and Financial InstitutionsWorld Trade Organisation (WTO)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersLa Via Campesina GRAIN AgriCultures Network
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNew legislation
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.As a result of decades of farmers’ struggle in Brazil for access to land and food sovereignty, a National Policy for Agroecology and Organic Production was adopted in 2012, explicitly recognising the role of peasants’ own ‘creole’ seeds. As a result, some of the country’s largest peasant organisations have been able to develop their own seed systems.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Ley 9456; Reglamento Ley 9456

National Plan on Agroecology and Organic Production
Ley 9456; Reglamento Ley 9456
[click to view]

References

La Via Campesina:
Our Seeds, Our Future
[click to view]

Other Documents

Farming Source: http://www.waronwant.org/component/content/article/16781
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorEJOLT Team
Last update12/02/2015
Comments