LGV Limoges - Poitiers High Speed Rail, France

Another example of high speed rail expansion, very costly, elitist and environmentally and socially harmful, in western France.


Description

The LGV (Ligne a Grand Vitesse) Poitiers - Limoges is a 115 km high-speed rail project that would connect Poitiers to Limoges after seven years of work. This LGV will bring to Central West a faster connection to the TGV network, in particular with Paris. According to the Grenelle Environment (Round Table for the environment) 2007, it would be a first step towards linking Nantes and Lyon coupled to a link Bordeaux-Lyon, called central bar as it does not pass through the capital city.

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Basic Data
NameLGV Limoges - Poitiers High Speed Rail, France
CountryFrance
ProvincePoitou-Charentes and Limousin
SiteLimoges, Poitiers and others.
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesTourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project Details- 131 km between the stations of Poitiers and Limoges, 112 km of high-speed line, partly single track, suited to the traffic and its developments for 50 years

- Connecting with classic lines Paris-Bordeaux (south of Poitiers in the town of Iteuil) and Paris-Limoges (north of Limoges in the town of Palais-sur-Vienne)

- 320 km / h (operating speed)

- 10 round trips a day to Paris and two round trips per day to Lille and Strasbourg

- Served four existing stations (Poitiers, Limoges-Benedictines, Brive-la-Gaillarde and Cahors), TER correspondence and intermodality with urban transport (see map below)

- 1.6 billion euros of investment (economic conditions 2011)

- 2.1 million passengers annually to commissioning, 265,000 passengers carried in the car or plane to the train

SPECIFICATIONS AND INTEGRATION MEASURES

- 33 towns and 1,283 hectares of-way involved in Vienna and Haute-Vienne

- 10% of the amount of investment devoted to environmental measures

- 1 base for track work and 2 bases for the maintenance of the line

- 7 major earthworks (cut and fill) and 10 viaducts

- 366 structures (bridges, culverts, etc.) for wildlife - including 10 passages for large animals - for the restoration of roads and paths and drainage
Project Area (in hectares)1,283
Level of Investment (in USD)1,693,336,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population500,000
Start Date01/05/2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesSociété nationale des chemins de fer français; "National society of French railways" or "French National Railway Company" (SNCF) from France - Railway operator
Réseau ferré de France (RFF) from France - Funder (1/3) and owner of the infrastructure
Relevant government actorsState (MINISTÈRE DE L'ÉCOLOGIE, DU DÉVELOPPEMENT DURABLE ET DE L'ÉNERGIE)

RFF (Réseau Ferré de France)

Regional and local Institutions (Conseil regiona, Conseil general, Communaute d'agglomeration)
International and Financial InstitutionsEuropean Union (EU)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCollectif NON à la LGV Poitiers-Limoges

Fédération nationale des associations d’usagers des transports -Fnaut
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts, Displacement
OtherDecrease in the service of other train types, more affordable for less affluent sectors of the population.

Housing expropriation and demolition.
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesImprovement and modernization of the existing line Paris- Orleans- Limoges- Tolouse.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.After having been declared of public utility in January 2015, it seems that the project is going ahead.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Décret no 2015-18 du 10 janvier 2015 déclarant d’utilité publique et urgents les travaux nécessaires à la réalisation de la ligne à grande vitesse « Poitiers–Limoges »
[click to view]

References

Press report published by the groups opposing the railway line
[click to view]

The impact of consultation on the content of the studies and on the project owner’s work. The project of the high speed rail line Poitiers-Limoge
[click to view]

Links

Official website of the LGV line Poitiers-LImoges.
[click to view]

Maps with the suggested routes for the LGV line.
[click to view]

Map of the existing and projected high speed railway lines in France
[click to view]

Article in the Wikipedia
[click to view]

RFF website with description in English of the railway project.
[click to view]

Summary on the situation in early 2015 after the project has been approved.
[click to view]

Collectif NON à la LGV Poitiers-Limoges. Includes sections with pictures and videos.
[click to view]

Collectif anti-LGV pro-POLLT (Paris - Orléans - La Souterraine - Limoges Toulouse)
[click to view]

Other Documents

Poitiers - Limoges High Speed Rail Map of the high speed railway route
[click to view]

No to Poitiers - Limoges High Speed Logo used by the collective opposed to the high speed rail project.
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAlfred Burballa Noria
Last update06/04/2015
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