Lignite mining Jaenschwalde-Nord (Kerkwitz, Grabko, Atterwasch), Germany

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">In 2007, Swedish government owned enterprise Vattenfall announced plans to expand the 2019 expiring mining in Jaenschwalde to the north. Three villages (Kerkwitz, Grabko and Atterwasch) of about 900 residents would have to resettled according to Vattenfall. As mining border communities also Taubendorf and Great Gastrose would be directly affected. Several Fauna-Flora-Habitat areas protected under the Habitats Directive area would be affected as well as some churches and war cemeteries. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> Due to the various effects of the expansion of opencast mining on people and the environment, affected citizens, heritage and environmental justice organizations (e.g. Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union, Nabu) farmers associations, the Left Party and Alliance 90/The Greens, have founded a popular initiative under the slogan No new opencast mines - for a sustainable energy policy in 2007. The Alliance launched a referendum in 2008, which failed in 2009 due to fewer signatures. As a reaction to the strong mobilization against this and other mining projects (see for example Cottbus Sued) in the region, the Brandenburg government is considering a nationalization of Vattenfall’s mining business. Furthermore, the recent decision of the German constitutional court (see Garzweiler II) has decided, that in the future, citizens must be able to file complaints against expropriations and resettlements at an earlier stage. According to Friends of the Earth Brandenburg and Climate-Alliance Germany this court decision will prevent Jaenschwalde-Nord and other proposed mining projects in Brandenburg. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Lignite mining Jaenschwalde-Nord (Kerkwitz, Grabko, Atterwasch), Germany</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/germany">Germany</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Brandenburg</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Kerkwitz, Grabko, Atterwasch</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Coal extraction and processing</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br /><a href='/commodity/coal'>Coal</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">250m tonnes of lignite per year</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>no data </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Semi-urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>900</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2007</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/vattenfall-europe-mining-ag'>Vattenfall Europe Mining AG</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/germany'><small>Germany</small></a><br /><a href='/company/vattenfall'>Vattenfall</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/sweden'><small>Sweden</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Brandenburg government</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union (Nabu), Greenpeace, Farmers Associations, the Left Party, Alliance 90/The Greens</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> International ejos<br /> Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Referendum other local consultations</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>The regions lignite fired power plants cause annual costs for human health and the environment of about 3 to 5 billion Euro altogether. In its communication to the European Commission Brandenburg calls upon a significant fraction of pollution (on 57% of days when limits were exceeded) to originate from long-range transboundary air pollution, for example from Poland and the Czech Republic.<br/><br/>The air pollution action plan of the municipality of Cottbus from the year 2006 similarly estimates that about half of the urban pollution with particulate matter is actually due to ambient air pollution and not caused by local traffic. Ambient air <br/><br/>pollution is partly caused by the lignite-fired power plants in the greater region.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Corruption<br /> Court decision (victory for environmental justice)<br /> Negotiated alternative solution<br /> Strengthening of participation<br /> Application of existing regulations<br /> New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>No new lignite mining pits, use of renewable energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>As a reaction to the strong mobilization against this and other mining projects (see for example Welzow Sued or Cottbus Sued) in the region, the Brandenburg government is considering a nationalization of Vattenfall’s mining business. Furthermore, the recent decision of the German constitutional court (see Garzweiler II) has decided, that in the future, citizens must be able to file complaints against expropriations and resettlements at an earlier stage. According to Friends of the Earth Brandenburg and Climate-Alliance Germany this court decision will prevent Jaenschwalde-Nord and other proposed mining projects in Brandenburg. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Brandenburg Constitution, German Mining law<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.econstor.eu/handle/10419/58097" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="https://www.econstor.eu/dspace/bitstream/10419/67581/1/731432614.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AEsE63Dv9y0" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.braunkohle.info/Tagebau" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://gruene-brandenburg.de/themen/energie/braunkohle/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.tagesspiegel.de/berlin/braunkohle-in-brandenburg-kauft-sich-das-land-bald-bei-vattenfall-ein/9387626.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.google.de/imgres?sa=&Xespvd=210&es_sm=93&biw=1366&bih=667&tbm=isch&tbnid=nljR4nNTREF5qM:&imgrefurl=http://www.zeit.de/2011/39/Lausitz-Braunkohle&docid=hnxNlYs1P-9-MM&imgurl=http://images.zeit.de/wirtschaft/2011-09/karte-jaenschwalde/karte-jaens" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> ;art81699,2335752&docid=FonMkimsjCt-nM&imgurl=http://www.lr-online.de/storage/scl/xmliosimport/tdt/1154111_m1mst1w500q75v49230_Sternmarsch.jpeg?version=1231083325&w=500&h=333&ei=iTnqUsejMcnGswb6_oHwAw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=393&page=3&start=40&ndsp=23&ved=0CJ<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.google.de/imgres?sa=&Xespvd=210&es_sm=93&biw=1366&bih=667&tbm=isch&tbnid=A3J_SHKvLdsiTM:&imgrefurl=http://www.lr-online.de/serien/lokales/tagebau/Braunkohle-Gegner-protestieren-gegen-neue-Tagebaue" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.gegenstrom13.de/vattenfall/vattenfall-in-der-lausitz/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Gabriel Weber</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>13/08/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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