Lignite mining Jänschwalde (Horno), Germany

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">In 1994 the Brandenburg state government decides the lignite mining plan Jaenschwalde and thereby continuation of the mine Jaenschwalde (operated by the enterprise Laubag) to the Sorbian village of Horno (in Lower Sorbian: Rogow). Against this approval, the municipality of Horno filed suit to the Administrative Court of Cottbus. The country s Constitutional Court declared the lignite mining plan Mining Jaenschwalde unconstitutional. According to the state constitution the dissolution of a municipality requires a law. In 1997 the Lignite Mining Policy Act (Horno Law) was decided by the Parliament of Brandenburg. Thereafter, Horno was dissolved and integrated into the community Jaenschwalde. Thereafter the PDS parliamentary party and the municipality Horno filed suit to the the country s constitutional court action against this law because it violates the constitutional rights of the Sorbs. In 1998 people from Horno filed suit against the Federal Republic of Germany at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, which was rejected in 2000. Later another lawsuit by a forest owner from Horno was successful at the first instance and leaded to a stop of mining just outside of Horno. However, the approval was rejected by the second instance. In 2001, after the takeover of Laubag by the Swedish government owned enterprise Vattenfall, the Swedish parliament discusses the Horno case, without any positive outcome for Horno. The resettlement of the citizen from Horno starts in 2002. The last people remaining in Horno (Gromm family) were dispossessed in 2004. The last house was vacated in 2005. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Lignite mining Jänschwalde (Horno), Germany</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/germany">Germany</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Brandenburg</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Horno/ Jänschwalde</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Coal extraction and processing</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br /><a href='/commodity/coal'>Coal</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">Overburden: 143,000,000 tonnes per year, Lignite mining: 13,000,000 tonnes per year</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>60,150</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>350</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/vattenfall-europe-mining-ag'>Vattenfall Europe Mining AG</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/germany'><small>Germany</small></a><br /><a href='/company/vattenfall'>Vattenfall</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/sweden'><small>Sweden</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>The government of Brandenburg</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Greenpeace, BUND (Friends of the Earth Germany)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>UNKNOWN</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> International ejos<br /> Local ejos</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of alternative proposals<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Soil contamination</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Court decision (failure for environmental justice)<br /> Migration/displacement<br /> 0</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>stop lignite mining, focus on renewable energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Major part of the village were deconstructed in 2004. The last remaining couple was dispossessed in 2005.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Constitution of Brandenburg<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> German Mining Law<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> HEAL, Health impacts of lignite-fired power plants<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.env-health.org/IMG/pdf/heal_background_paper_lignite_health_brandenburg_english.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Hüttl, R. F., & Weber, E. (2001). Forest ecosystem development in post-mining landscapes: a case study of the Lusatian lignite district. Naturwissenschaften, 88(8), 322-329.<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Grünewald, U. (2001). Water resources management in river catchments influenced by lignite mining. Ecological engineering, 17(2), 143-152.<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Krümmelbein, J., Bens, O., Raab, T., & Anne Naeth, M. (2012). A history of lignite coal mining and reclamation practices in Lusatia, eastern Germany. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 92(1), 53-66.<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.lausitzer-braunkohle.de/english.php" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.greenpeace.de/themen/klima/kampagnen/gegen_braunkohle_ihre_stimme_fuer_die_lausitz/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=poZKUiPLxfI" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Gabriel Weber</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>11/09/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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