Lignite mining Nochten II, Germany

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">In December 2006, Vattenfall applied to the Regional Planning Association Upper Lusatia-Lower Silesia in order to extract 300,000,000 tonnes of lignite in the area. For the open-cast mining a displacement of 1,500 people from Rohne, Mulkwitz, Mühlrose, and Schleife is necessary. In October 2013 the Regional Planning Association Upper Lusatia-Lower Silesia has approved the open-cast mining Nochten II. A broad range of environmental justice organizations (EJOs) are opposing the mining proposal of Vattenfall. The initiative Strukturwandel-jetzt is the leading opposition group against the mine. It has placed internet pages with information. The initiative is supported by larger EJOS such as Friends of the Earth Germany (BUND), Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union (Nabu) and smaller EJOS such as Nature Friends Germany. Also other organizations are part of the initiative such as political parties The Left and Alliance 90/The Greens. Protest actions have included demonstrations, cultural expositions, climate camps, village and heritage celebrations, production of alternative knowledge, open letters to the German government and to associations in favor of lignite mining. Currently the state government has to decide about the mining project. Opponents have stated to sue against the mining plans. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Lignite mining Nochten II, Germany</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/germany">Germany</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Saxony</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Rohne, Mulkwitz, Muehlrose, Trebendorf, Schleife</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Coal extraction and processing</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/coal'>Coal</a><br /><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">300m tonnes of lignite, 18m tonnes of lignite/ per year, time of extraction 2026-2046</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>1,200</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Semi-urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>1,500</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>12/2005</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/vattenfall-europe-mining-ag'>Vattenfall Europe Mining AG</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/germany'><small>Germany</small></a><br /><a href='/company/vattenfall'>Vattenfall</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/sweden'><small>Sweden</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Regional Planning Association Upper Lusatia-Lower Silesia, Saxon Ministry of the Interior</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Left Party, Alliance 90/The Greens, Green League, Friends of the Earth Germany, Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union, Naturfreunde Deutschlands, Eine Spinnerei</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> International ejos<br /> Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of alternative proposals<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Desertification/Drought, Soil contamination</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>see description Welzow-Sued </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Land dispossession</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Application of existing regulations<br /> Compensation<br /> Court decision (victory for environmental justice)<br /> Migration/displacement<br /> Violent targeting of activists<br /> New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study<br /> Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area<br /> Court decision (failure for environmental justice)<br /> Negotiated alternative solution</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Stop open cast mining, focus on renewable energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The Regional Planning Association Upper Lusatia-Lower Silesia has approved the open-cast mine. Now, the Saxon Ministry of interior can approve the open-cast mine. If that happens Environmental Justice Organization will sue against the decision at the court.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Saxon Constitution<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> German Mining law<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Gerbaulet, C., Egerer, J., Oei, P. Y., & von Hirschhausen, C. (2012). Abnehmende Bedeutung der Braunkohleverstromung: weder neue Kraftwerke noch Tagebaue benötigt. DIW-Wochenbericht, 79(48), 25-33.<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> von Hirschhausen, C., & Oei, P. Y. (2013). Gutachten zur energiewirtschaftlichen Notwendigkeit der Fortschreibung des Braunkohlenplans Tagebau Nochten: Im Auftrag der Klima-Allianz Deutschland (No. 72). DIW Berlin: Politikberatung kompakt.<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.lausitzer-braunkohle.de/english.php" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.lausitzer-braunkohle.de/feld_nochten.php" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.strukturwandel-jetzt.de/de/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Grandpa Without Lobby<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.opa-ohne-lobby.de/en" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Excavated Away - Lignite mining eats into Brandenburgs villages<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=poZKUiPLxfI" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Gabriel Weber</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>11/09/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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