Copper mining in Tamo, monks and citizens protest, Tibet

On November 22, 2010 there was a protest to disrupt mining works from a government mining near Lingka Monastery in Tamo. Many Tibetans were beaten and 15 of them, including 5 monks, were arrested by the Chinese police and someone is still imprisoned.


Description
On November 22, 2010 hundreds of Tibetans attempted to stop mining works from a government-owned mining department, approaching a rich mining site near Lingka Monastery in Tamo, a town located in copper rich Shethongmon district in Shigatse [1]. The protesters, the monks from Lingka Monastery and general public in Tamo, blocked the mining work despite different tactics to lure them by the officials from the mining firm and local administration [2]. As the protesters tried to stop the mining work, the officials of the mining department and local government attempted to cajole them to continue the extraction work. But the general public did not give into the cunning tricks and they continued to express their opposition to the mining work from 22 November till 18 December [3]. The local government of Shethongmon sent riot police to disrupt the demonstrations, which led to verbal confrontation between the police and the protesters. The police, who were outnumbered by the protesters, tried in vain to be gentle to disperse them. Later, a large contingent of public security bureau and armed personnel were sent from Shigatse to crackdown on the protesters and to disrupt the peaceful protest [3]. Consequently many Tibetans were severely beaten and 15 Tibetans including 5 monks of Linka monastery were arrested by the Chinese police and several others injured in a crackdown on Tibetan protesters, reported the website of the Tibetan government in exile based here and just two were released [1] [3]. A Chinese court on March 2012 confirmed the imprisonment of monks' group: prison terms of 4–5 years were given to 49-year-old Sangpo, who is the abbot of Lingka monastery, along with five other monks. Moreover, the head of the village has been sentenced to 2 years in jail for dereliction of duty on the day of the protest [2]. Such cases of forcible mineral extraction by the Chinese government against the will of the Tibetan people is not new in Shigatse. [3]
Basic Data
NameCopper mining in Tamo, monks and citizens protest, Tibet
CountryChina
ProvinceShethongmon district in Shigatse
SiteLingka Monastery in Tamo town
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Specific CommoditiesCopper
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAt China International Copper Conference 2010, Duan Shaofu, head of the copper department at the Association said that the primary objective of the move will be to increase China’s competitiveness and pricing power in the global commodities market. To increase production, Beijing will encourage miners to step up mineral exploration in the southwest, northeast and Tibet. China wants to develop new mines in Yunnan, Tibet, Jiangxi and Qinghai, said Duan. Local governments have been rationing power to metals producers in response to Beijing’s call to conserve energy and reduce emissions. China has phased out 400,000 tons of outdated copper smelting capacity during the 2006-10 11th five-year plan period” (China to Consolidate Copper Production, Raise Capacity – Exec; Dow Jones Chinese Financial Wire, 2 November 2010)[4].
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date22/11/2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesGovernment-owned mining department from China
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersTibet: Environment and Development:

http://tibet-edd.blogspot.com.es/;

Tibet Watch: http://www.tibetwatch.org/;

UNREPRESENTED NATIONS AND PEOPLES ORGANIZATION:

http://unpo.org/
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingNeighbours/citizens/communities
Religious groups
Buddhist monks in Tamo monastry
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Other[5]Green Tibet
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Potential: Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Otherin the case of tibet, even unskilled manual labor positions created by the mining projects invariably go to the increasing chinese migrants in Tibet. thus excluding tibetans from employment and skills training despite the high number of unemployed local tibetans. This biasedness to migrants has brought negative impacts, such as excessive immigration to the area of mine and economic marginalization of the local tibetans [5].
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.In the province the militarization and police presence increased and the Tibetans citizens, includes the monks, were arrested.
Sources and Materials
References

[5]Green Tibet, Annual Newsletter 2011, Environment and Development Desk
[click to view]

[4] Copper and gold mining in Tibet, Copper and gold mining in Tibet, October 11 2011 by rukor-admin
[click to view]

“Environmental Protest on the Tibetan plateau” released by Britain based Tibet Watch, January 2015
[click to view]

Links

[1]Phayul, 15 Tibetans put behind bars over anti-mining protests in Shigatse, February 14 2011
[click to view]

[2]Tibet.Net, Tibetans Jailed for Protesting Rampant Mining in Shigatse, March 3 2012
[click to view]

[3] Tibet.net, Protests Against China’s Rampant Mining in Shigatse Continue, 11 February 2011
[click to view]

Meltdownintibet.com on mining in Tibet
[click to view]

Other Documents

A column of Chinese security forces and riot police block Tibetans protesting against rampant mining in Shethongmon in Shigatse, Tibet [3] Tibet.net, Protests Against China’s Rampant Mining in Shigatse Continue, 11 February 2011
http://tibet.net/2011/02/protests-against-chinas-rampant-mining-in-shigatse-continue/
[click to view]

A Chinese security man holding an electric baton intimidate Tibetans protesting against the government’s rampant mining in Shethongmon in Shigatse [3] Tibet.net, Protests Against China’s Rampant Mining in Shigatse Continue, 11 February 2011 http://tibet.net/2011/02/protests-against-chinas-rampant-mining-in-shigatse-continue/
[click to view]

Columns of Chinese military trucks in Shethongmon in Shigatse, TIbet, where Tibetan residents protest against the government’s rampant mining [3] Tibet.net, Protests Against China’s Rampant Mining in Shigatse Continue, 11 February 2011
http://tibet.net/2011/02/protests-against-chinas-rampant-mining-in-shigatse-continue/
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorMyriam Bartolucci, EjAtlas internship researcher, [email protected]
Last update23/05/2016
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