Loma Miranda ferronickel mine, Dominican Republic

Description

On October 2, 2013, Reuters reported that the global mining and commodities trading giant Glencore Xstrata was suspending operations at its Falcondo (Falconbridge Dominicana) nickel mine in the Dominican Republic due to falling nickel prices. However, this was not the only cause. There has been much resistance. The announcement came a day after legislators created a national park, Loma Miranda, on the outskirts of the mine, although the company said its decision was not related to environmental pressures.

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Basic Data
NameLoma Miranda ferronickel mine, Dominican Republic
CountryDominican Republic
ProvinceLa Vega
SiteMunicipio de La Vega
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Other
Establishment of reserves/national parks
Specific CommoditiesFerro-nickel
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe area occupied would be 1,400 hectares.

Production of 28 million tons of ferronickel.

Investment of 700,000,000 USD
Project Area (in hectares)1,400
Level of Investment (in USD)700000000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2007
End Date2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesGlencore-Xstrata from Switzerland
Falconbridge from Canada
Relevant government actorsGobierno Municipal
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Objections to the EIA
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseLand demarcation
New legislation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project cancelled
Development of AlternativesProtected area of Loma Miranda enacted by Parliament of the Dominican Republic
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The complaints led to new legislation making of Loma Miranda a protected area. Glencore-Xstrata stopped the ferronickel project.
Sources and Materials
Links

Newspaper article
[click to view]

OCMAL report
[click to view]

From the company's view pont
[click to view]

Other CommentsOCMAL reported: La Academia de Ciencias de República Dominicana, la institución que mejor ha detallado las características de la Loma Miranda, sostiene que esta reserva que se ubica en la vertiente norte de la Cordillera Central, dentro del segundo Corredor Biológico más importante de la República Dominicana, contiene casi 500 especies botánicas con una o dos especies por género e increíblemente, con la mitad de las familias de vegetales de toda la isla La Española; todo se enmarca dentro de una inmensa alfombra de pinos endémicos (Pinus occidentalis) y de múltiples asociaciones ecológicas, donde se destacan el bosque mixto, bosques latifoliados (hojas anchas), bosques de galería y bosques nublados que dan lugar a una de las redes hídricas más profusas del territorio nacional; provocando además, notables cambios en el patrón de distribución de los vientos y de las lluvias
Meta Information
ContributorEstrella del Mar & Joan Martinez Alier
Last update03/05/2014
Comments