Los Micos Beach and Golf Resort Project, Honduras


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">For decades an increasing number of tourist and real estate mega-projects have been planned for Tela Bay in the Atlantida region (in the Jeannette Kawas National Park). In 2003, the Los Micos Beach and Golf Resort project was launched with an investment of US$ 4 billion for the construction of a tourist mega-complex extending 500 hectares along 3 km of coastline. The Desarrollo Turistico Bahia de Tela S.A. company was awarded the construction concession, despite opposition from local communities, including Afro-descendent indigenous residents (around 400 inhabitant from Río Tinto, Miami, Tornabé, San Juan, La Ensenada y Triunfo de la Cruz (Garífuna communities). </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">The protected area of Punta Sal National Park (protected by the Ramsar International Convention) has been dramatically destroyed, especially the wetland. <br/><br/>On 2013, the project was renamed as Indura Resort and inaugurated in November. Since then, the army has come to evict the Garifuna families from their ancestral lands- illegally acquired by tourism entrepreneurs- . Conflict and the actions of the Honduran government are increasingly violent. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Los Micos Beach and Golf Resort Project, Honduras</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/honduras">Honduras</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Bahía Tela, Atlantida. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Río Tinto, Miami, Tornabé, San Juan, La Ensenada y Triunfo de la Cruz</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Tourism Recreation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Urban development conflicts<br /> Wetlands and coastal zone management<br /> Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)<br /> Land acquisition conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br /><a href='/commodity/tourism-services'>Tourism services</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">It is a complex of 7 tourist hotels, which will have 168 villas, 2,000 apartments, 6 multi residences, 1 shopping plaza, themed amusement parks, 1 equestrian center, 1 port for cruise lines and a golf club. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">The golf club is 18 hole, over an area of 80 hectares, which would need around 1500 kgs of fertilisers, pesticides and herbicides a year plus around 3 million liters of water a day in an area of infrequent rainfall. <br/><br/>species of birds live in the protected areas which will be used to construct the project. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>500</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>4,000,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>500 -700 </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2003</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/desarrollo-turistico-baha-de-tela-sa'>Desarrollo Turistico Baha de Tela S.A</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/honduras'><small>Honduras</small></a><br /><a href='/company/troon-golf'>Troon Golf</a><br /><a href='/company/astaldi-columbus'>Astaldi Columbus</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/italy'><small>Italy</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>The government of Honduras; The government of Italy, Honduran Tourism Institute (IHT)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/central-american-bank-for-economic-integration'>Central American Bank for Economic Integration <small>(BCIE)</small></a><br /><a href='/institution/inter-american-development-bank'>Inter-American Development Bank <small>(IADB)</small></a><br /><a href='/institution/honduran-tourism-investment-fund'>Honduran Tourism Investment Fund <small>(HTIF)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-institution/honduras'><small>Honduras</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>The Garifuna community, CODETS - Lands and Territory Defense Committee, OFRANEH Organizacion Fraternal Negra Hondurena (The Fraternal Organization of Black Hondurans), PROLASATE The Foundation for the Protection of Lancetilla, Punta Sal and Texiguat - AFE-COHDEFOR Honduran Corporation of Forest Development, Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras (COPINH)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Fishermen<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> International ejos<br /> Local ejos<br /> Ethnically/racially discriminated groups<br /> Garifuna communities</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Strikes<br /> Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Global warming, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Invasive species and increased of hurricanes and tropical storms due to the destruction of wetlands and mangroves</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Deaths<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Corruption<br /> Criminalization of activists<br /> Court decision (failure for environmental justice)<br /> Migration/displacement<br /> Violent targeting of activists<br /> Application of existing regulations</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>To stop the touristic project and respect the already existing demarcations of the natural parks and the costal line, respecting the population already existing there.<br/><br/>Most residents of the Garifuna communities have opted for ecotourism at small scale that does not degrade the environment and provides direct income. The fishermen offer their boats and canoes to take tourists to Punta Sal or around the Laguna Los Micos. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Despite all the strong mobilization, there has been a severe abuse of the population of the Tela Bay, supported by the government of Honduras including the violation of human, constitutional, environmental rights and international treaties. Corruption has become established to stop the mobilization, as the project is seen as a priority for the national government and the foreign investors.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Environmental regulations of Honduras;<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> RAMSAR Convetion on Wetlands;<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Convention of Biodiversity;<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Convention fro the Coservation of Biodiversity and the Protection of Natural Areas in Central America;<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Decree no. 183/94;<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Constitution of Honduras;<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Labour Law<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> National Foresty Law of Honduras;<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Internal National Park regulations (Lacentilla National Park, Punta Sal National Park and Texiguat National Park);<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Avoided deforestation and the rights of Indigenous Peoples and local communities. Forest people programme. 2007<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Nature for sale. The impacts of privatizing water and biodiversity. -Friends of the earth. 2005<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Resistencia fecunda en los bosques. Friends of the earth. 2002<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Indigenous peoples. Their forests, struggles and rights. World Rainforest Movement. 2005<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Trucchi Giorgio. Desarrollo turístico en la Bahía de Tela: Los Micos Beach and Golf Resort, un proyecto polémico<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.albasud.org/publ/docs/37.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> La apropiacion corporativa de la biodiversidad. Redes; Accion Ecologica. 2002<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> 2011 Honduras, il reality show e la dittatura<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.lisolaeilmattone.blogspot.it/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Bahía de Tela: Come si costruisce un disastro in un paradiso naturale<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.gfbv.it/3dossier/ind-voelker/garifuna-it.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Desalojo de la comunidad de Barra Vieja<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.albasud.org/noticia/es/640/desalojo-de-la-comunidad-de-barra-vieja" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Resistance in Tela Bay, Honduras<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.tourism-watch.de/en/content/resistance-tela-bay-honduras" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> de telaandtipo=testo<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.arcoiris.tv/modules.php?name=Searchandtesto=bahia" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Barra Vieja Resiste: Cámara y edición: Luis Méndez<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hIZgaEhLDl0&feature=youtu.be" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>Forced evictions to Garífuna people, 30 September 2014 </strong> Photo: Luis Méndez, Barra Vieja, Tela Atlántida<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/unnamed-_Barra_Vieja_desalojos_30_septiembre_2014.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Lucie Greyl y Grettel Navas </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>04/12/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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