Lumber companies threaten extractive communities of Lábrea, Brazil

Description

Located 610 kilometers from Manaus, Labrea is a town with approximately 38,000 inhabitants and is situated in the so-called arc of deforestation (an area with the highest rates of deforestation of Brazil). Its territory is disputed by lumber companies, large soybean producers and ranchers. The municipality is crossed by highway BR-319. Because of this, the Federal Government has supported the creation of two extractive reserves in the municipality, within a mosaic of conservation units of more than nine million hectares, designed to minimize the environmental impacts of the expansion of the highway.

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Basic Data
NameLumber companies threaten extractive communities of Lábrea, Brazil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceAmazonas
SiteLabrea
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Deforestation
Logging and non timber extraction
Specific CommoditiesTimber
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)776000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2001
Relevant government actorsInstituto Chico Mendes de Biodiversidade - ICMBIO, Instituto Nacional de Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais Renovaveis - IBAMA, Ministerio do Meio Ambiente, Policia Federal, Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria - INCRA
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAssociacao APADRIT
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Local ejos
extractive communities
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Soil erosion
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseLand demarcation
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Extractive communities territory is still being affected by illegal logging.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

SISTEMA DE INFORMACOES AMBIENTAIS. Decreto que cria a Resex Ituxi (05/06/2008).

References

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Vitoria de comunidades extrativistas podera limitar alcance do Arco do Desmatamento. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 22 abr. 2013.
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Links

ASSOCIACAO DOS PRODUTORES AGROEXTRATIVISTAS DA ASSEMBLEIA DE DEUS DO RIO ITUXI. Documento das comunidades da Reserva Extrativista rio Ituxi sobre a precaria situacao da saude no rio Ituxi. Labrea, 15 mai. 2012. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 abr. 2013.
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FARIAS, Elaize. Camponeses ameacados de morte no Amazonas perderao protecao da Força Nacional. A Critica, 22 dez. 2011. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 abr. 2013.
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INSTITUTO SOCIOAMBIENTAL. Manifestacao cobrara reservas extrativistas. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 15 dez. 2008.
[click to view]

SOUZA, Miqueias Santos. A reserva extrativista rio Ituxi Pede Socorro. Informes Preservida, 12 jun. 2011. Disponível em: Acesso em: 16 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

Decreto de la Presidencia de Brasil
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Insight Crime Brazil Activist Flees After Threats From Illegal Loggers
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Illegal-Logging Loggers threaten Brazil Amazon residents: Amnesty
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update08/04/2014
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