Mahuva Movement against proposed Nirma Cement Plant, India

Description

Mahuva is situated in the western coast of Gujarat. Once the land was barren and was prone to salinity ingress. Only 10% of the land was used for cultivation. Measures were taken to check salinity ingress which yielded result and land became cultivable. Now almost 100% land is cultivated. Onion production is quite high. More than 52 dehydration plants of onion are operational here. 5,000 people are directly employed in onion farming. The export of onion earns foreign exchange in tune to cr. In addition to that 18 cotton ginning factories are running.

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Basic Data
NameMahuva Movement against proposed Nirma Cement Plant, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceGujrat
SiteMahuva, District-Bhavnagar
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Desalination
Building materials extraction (quarries, sand, gravel)
Mineral processing
Specific CommoditiesCement
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Govt.of Gujarat sanctioned to Nirma Ltd. 288 hectares (720 acres) to construct cement factory and 3000 hectares (7500 acres) for limestone mining.

It would only employ 418 people. The total investment is Rs. 2500 crore (Rs. 25 billion).

The plant has 1.91 million tonnes per annum capacity, with its 50 MW captive power plant and a coke oven plant.

Part of the project site is a reservoir, Samadhiyala Bandhara, and its catchment, spread over 100 ha.

Project Area (in hectares)3,288
Level of Investment (in USD)38,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population45,000
Start Date2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesNirma Ltd. from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Gujarat, National Green Tribunal, Gujarat High Court, Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF, Government of India
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPeople’s Union for Civil Liberties, Gujarat, Sahiyar (Stree Sangathan), Mahuva Khetivadi Paryavaran Bachao Samiti, Gandhian Chunibhai Vaidya, Dr Kanubhai Kalsaria; MLA Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
0
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Strikes
Thousands of Mahuva farmers agitated against proposed Nirma cement plant continued to camp at Gandhinagar’s Pathikashram ground. The farmers ended their 350-km long foot march in Gandhinagar, and a delegation met Chief Minister Narendra Modi.
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The Supreme Court has asked the company to prove that the land allocated to it in Gujarat to set up a cement plant is wasteland. Otherwise the project should be scrapped.

Finally, this happened in March 2011.

After Nirmas appeal, the case is now under examination by the Green National Tribunal (1).
Sources and Materials
References

MAHUVA MOVEMENT TURNED INTO WAR FRONT BY THE GOVT. OF GUJARAT
[click to view]

Links

Save Mahuva (Facebook Page)

[click to view]

(1) Down to Earth
[click to view]

NGT team to visit Nirma cement site, Times of India
[click to view]

Media Links

Nirma Andolan,Mahuva
[click to view]

Other Documents

 AN ACCOUNT OF FACT FINDING COMMITTEE OF THE PROPOSED MAHUVA CEMENT PLANT
[click to view]

Other CommentsSave Mahuva (Facebook Page)

https://www.facebook.com/pages/Save-Mahuva/151675708225820?hc_location=timeline
Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/06/2014
Comments