Mainland Mine Manakara, Madagascar


Since 2010, the Chinese company MAINLAND MINING Ltd, is exploring ilmenite and zircon in the Vatovavy-Fitovinany region, in the south-east of Madagascar. They have got 26,000 carres miniers (1 carre minier = 85 ha) from the Malagasy government. Their area is about 400 km on the coast, from Vatomandry to Farafangana, and it is along the river Pangalana. Actually, the area explored by Mainland Mining Ltd is a property of QMM (joint venture Rio Tinto and Malagasy government).

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Basic Data
NameMainland Mine Manakara, Madagascar
SiteMangatsiotra MANAKARA
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Mineral ore exploration
Land acquisition conflicts
Tailings from mines
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAmount of INVESTMENT : Research 14.358.000 euros, Exploitation 78.161.000 euros, Projects 809.235.000 euros, Environment 21.050.000 euros Social 9.840.000 euros

PROUCTION (from 2016): Ilmenite 900.000t/year Zircon 35.000t/year Rutile 1000t/year, direct jobs for research and construction indirect jobs for operating process. Construction of a hydroelectric dam. Construction of a port for the export of mining and commercial
Project Area (in hectares)2221000
Level of Investment (in USD)1,300,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesMainland MINING LTD from China
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCollectif TANY, Malagasy environmental group ALLIANCE VOAHARY GASY , Plateforme anti-exploitation d’ilménite dans la région de V7V
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
OtherBeaches affected by ilmenite exploitation
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseApplication of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of AlternativesTo stop the project, there is experience of similar ilmenite mining projects in Madagascar beaches.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.No environmental monitoring parameters

No environmental project staff or responsible

Absence of any environmental monitoring report

No Environmental Impact Assesment

Use and illegal removal of water from the groundwater
Sources and Materials

Mise en contexte du projet d’exploitation d’ilménite par la societé Mainland mining Ltd, 2 mars 2012 (Cas Manakara)

Par jean-luc hariniaina et serge zafimahova (excellent source)
[click to view]

Other Documents

Mainland manakara mine site
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorVahinala RAHARINIRINA
Last update12/02/2015