Malonda Tree Farms in Niassa, Mozambique

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">Malonda plans to occupy about 60,000 ha with eucalyptus and pine, for timber and carbon credits. In 2008, a study found community dissatisfaction and a potential for explosive conflict in areas where it had started clearing land and planting tree plantations, restricting local populations access to land and threatening their livelihoods. Although the management of Malonda Tree Farm asserts that the project occupies areas abandoned by the population (non-productive areas such as exhausted farmlands), members of the community of Cavago in the District of Sanga allege that Malonda Tree Farm has disrespected the limits of its concessions, invaded community areas and caused conflicts at a community level. Also a lack of community consultation has taken place. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Malonda Tree Farms in Niassa, Mozambique</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/mozambique">Mozambique</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Niassa province</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Sanga district</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>REDD/CDM<br /> Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/pine'>Pine</a><br /><a href='/commodity/eucalyptus'>Eucalyptus</a><br /><br /><a href='/commodity/carbon-offsets'>Carbon offsets</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>60000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/green-resources-as'>Green Resources AS</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/norway'><small>Norway</small></a> - <small> it is a Norwegian company financed by Norfund (Norwegian Investment fund for developing countries). </small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Government of Mozambique concedes DUAT, a declaration conceding the right to use and profit from the land, The Malonda Foundation is a state agency, founded in 2005, to facilitate investments in the region and funded by SIDA </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>UNAC (National Union of Peasants of Mozambique) and Justia Ambiental (Friends of the Earth Mozambique) carried out a preliminary study on the land grabbing process in Mozambique.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>UNKNOWN</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>UNKNOWN</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Landless peasants</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Sabotage<br /> Communities have been burning the plantations, forcing the company to hire guards. They also have been coordinating with other indigenous groups to force the compan to return some of the communal land so they may gather firewood, etc..</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Malnutrition</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>project continues</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Overbeek, Winifridus, The Expansion of Tree Monocultures in Niassa Province, Mozambique. <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.wrm.org.uy/countries/Mozambique/book.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Lemos, A. (coord.), 2011. Lords of the Land: preliminary analysis of the phenomenon of land grabbing in Mozambique. Justia Ambiental and UNAC, Maputo<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>winnie overbeek</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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