Manso dam, Brazil

Description
The Manso dam is on river Manso, 100 km north of Chapada dos Guimares city in Mato Grosso state. It started to produce electricity in 2000 as a project of Brazilian state company Furnas Centrais Eletricas (Furnas), but today it belongs for 70% to Furnas and for 30% to private company Produtores Energticos de Manso S/A (Proman). The reservoir flooded around 47 000 hectares and displaced famers, fishermen and quilombolas.

Basic Data
NameManso dam, Brazil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceMato Grosso
SiteVarzea Grande, Santo Antonio do Leverger, Rosario Oeste, Nova Brasilandia, Nobres, Cuiaba, Chapada dos Guimaraes, Barao de Melgaco
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesWater
Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
The dam generates 210 MW, with 4 groups of 52.2 MW.
See more...
Project Area (in hectares)47000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2003
Company Names or State EnterprisesFURNAS from Brazil
Produtores Energticos de Manso S/A (Proman) from Brazil
Relevant government actorsMinisterio de Minas e energia, Secretaria Estadual de Meio Ambiente de Mato Grosso , Ministerio Publico
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMovimento dos Atingidos por Barragens (MAB), Plataforma Dhesca Brasil, Federao dos Pescadores de Mato Grosso
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingArtisanal miners
Farmers
Fishermen
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
On 8th March 2005, 800 farmers occupied the power station of Manso, asking for compliance with the agreement with Furnas.
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
OtherLack of water in the new settlements, described as an extreme irony.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responsedamages for Furnas. As scientists they were against the dam.
Development of AlternativesThey demand compensation, which was offered only to some of those displaced.

They also asked for better arable lands than what they got.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The dam has been built
Sources and Materials
References

Direito Humano ao Meio Ambiente - Mato Grosso3.pdf
[click to view]

LEROY, Jean-Pierre e SILVESTRE, Daniel. Relatorio da Missao ao Mato Grosso. Rio de Janeiro: Programa de Voluntarios das Naciones Unidas: Fundacao Ford, 2005. 55 p.

TOLEDO, Nelita Ramos. Atingidos pela construo da barragem da usina de Manso em Mato Grosso e a educao ambiental. 2003. 200f. Dissertao (Mestrado em Educao) Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso. Faculdade de Educao. Programa de Ps-Graduao em Educao.

Links

MAB ocupa barragem de Manso, em Mato Grosso.
[click to view]

PROMANMT
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update08/04/2014
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