Marlin, Guatemala

Description
El proyecto minero Marlin esta ubicado en San Miguel de Ixtahuacan, al norte de Guatemala, la mina de propiedad de Montana Gold Corp es ahora propiedad de la empresa canadiense Gold Corp.
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Basic Data
NameMarlin, Guatemala
CountryGuatemala
ProvinceSan Marcos
SiteSan Miguel Ixtahuacan / Sipakapa
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tailings from mines
Mineral ore exploration
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesSilver
Gold
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
1.4 millones de oz de oro (Goldcorp anuncia unas reservas superiores a 2.5 millones oz oro y 36 millones de oz plata).
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Project Area (in hectares)250
Level of Investment (in USD)800 000 000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population7000
Start Date2004
Company Names or State EnterprisesGlamis Gold from Canada
Goldcorp Inc from Canada
Montana Exploradora de Guatemala S.A. from Guatemala
Relevant government actorsMinisterio de Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, Municipio de San Miguel de Ixtahuacan, Municipio de Sipakapa
International and Financial InstitutionsWorld Bank (WB)
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Corporación financiera internacional,
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMadre Selva - Guatemala, Oxfam America
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Religious groups
Farmers
Local ejos
Social movements
Local government/political parties
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local scientists/professionals
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Public campaigns
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Referendum other local consultations
Blockades
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Objections to the EIA
Street protest/marches
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Official complaint letters and petitions
Sipakapa public consultation under convention 169 of ILO, important precedent in Guatemala and Latin America
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Deaths
Potential: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Specific impacts on women
OtherThe tremors from explosives used during mining have damaged numerous homes, mostly in the villages of Ajel and San Jos Nueva, located close to the mine
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Criminalization of activists
Deaths
Migration/displacement
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
A decision from CIDH (Interamerican Commission for Human Rights) asked for the closure of the mine. This was notimplemeted by the government of Guatemala under President Alvaro Colom.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.A pesar de las medidas dictadas por la CIDH, Marlin continua contaminando

en 2012, y se preve la ampliacion de la mineria en la zona de Sipakapa

por Gold Corp en otras concesiones.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Convenio 169 de la OIT
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References

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL
[click to view]

Comisión Pastoral Paz y Ecología (COPAE), La Mina Marlin. A casi dos años de explotación, 2007
[click to view]

Fact Sheet, Guatemala Marlin, EJOLT

Comisión Pastoral Paz y Ecología (COPAE), Los problemas creados por la Mina Marlin - Goldcorp en San Marcos, Guatemala.
[click to view]

Montana Exploradora de Guatemala. 2011. Estudio Hidrologico de la Mina Marlin I. Junio, I PC002-11-122-052.
[click to view]

Mineria. Impactos sociales y ambientales. World Rainforest Movement. 2004.
[click to view]

Los recursos naturales no se venden. Boletin resistencia de los pueblos. 2007

Represa aqui, represa alla, que esos planes paren ya. Boletin resistencia de los pueblos. 2007

Nuestro intercambio de experiencias. Boletin resistencia de los pueblos. 2006

¡Quiten las manos de nuestros recursos naturales!, Amigos de la Tierra Internacional, Diciembre 2003: Por qué las instituciones financieras deben poner fin a las perforaciones, al tendido de ductos y a la minería.
[click to view]

Links

Goldcorp
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Montana Exploradora de Guatemala, S.A.
[click to view]

Centro di Documentazione sui Conflitti Ambientali
[click to view]

BNamericas
[click to view]

Media Links

Atentados a la salud por la mina Marlin, M.A. Perez Bamaca, 2013
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chávez, Lucie Greyl & Joan Martinez Alier
Last update03/05/2014
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