Matola Gas Company CDM project, Mozambique

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">The project involves switching from coal to natural gas at the rotary kiln of a clinker manufacturing plant. The Matola Gas Company, a joint venture of the Mozambican Government and Gigajoule International will be responsible for the transmission of gas to Cimentos de Mocambique. The price of gas offered to Cimentos de Mocambique by MGC in their 2007 contract, assumes carbon revenue from CDMs. Application for registration as a CDM was made in 2009, however according the UNFCCC site, the project was rejected. The fuel switch project was developed by CDM during a period when the company was under investigation by the state and environmental justice groups for emitting high levels of air pollution. Furthermore, this was a period of skyrocketing coal prices. Between 2007 and 2009 coal rose almost 30% annually. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Matola Gas Company CDM project, Mozambique</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/mozambique">Mozambique</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Maputo</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Matola</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Industrial and Utilities conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>REDD/CDM<br /> Mineral processing</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/cement'>Cement</a><br /><a href='/commodity/carbon-offsets'>Carbon offsets</a><br /><a href='/commodity/natural-gas'>Natural Gas</a><br /><a href='/commodity/coal'>Coal</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">With 80 percent of the market share, Portuguese-owned Cimentos de Mocambique is the largest cement plant and the only clinker production plant in Mozambique. It produces approx 240,000 tonnes clinker and 400,000 tonnes cement per year, though that number is set to expand as the company is adding another kiln. According to the company this switch will result in annual emission reductions of 37,153 tonnes CO2 a year, between 2009 and 2016. However, a recent study by Groundwork found that pollution rates remain well above WHO limits. Its is unclear to what extent the neighboring Mozal factory also contributes to pollution. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Unknown</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2006</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/cimentos-de-mocambique'>Cimentos de Mocambique</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/mozambique'><small>Mozambique</small></a><br /><a href='/company/cimentos-de-portugal'>Cimentos De Portugal</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/portugal'><small>Portugal</small></a><br /><a href='/company/gigajoule-international'>Gigajoule International</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/south-africa'><small>South Africa</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Primary: Ministerio para a Coordenacao da Accao Ambiental , Ministry for Trade and Industry, Matola Gas Company SARL, Secondary: National Department of Health, National Department of Industry, Provincial Department for Coordination of Environmental Activity, Provincial Department of Mineral Resources and Energy, Provincial Department of Public Works and Housing, Maputo Provincial Government, Matola City Municipality</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/carbon-limits-a-s'>Carbon Limits A/S</a> from <a href='/country-of-institution/norway'><small>Norway</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Livaningo (Mozambique), http://www.livaningo.org.mz/htt/port.html, Justica Ambiental (Mozambique), http://ja4change.wordpress.com/, Groundwork (South Africa)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>UNKNOWN</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Fishermen<br /> International ejos<br /> Local ejos<br /> Landless peasants<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Social movements<br /> Religious groups</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Development of alternative proposals<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Shareholder/financial activism.<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Arguments for the rights of mother nature</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Infectious diseases</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Unknown</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Migration/displacement<br /> Violent targeting of activists<br /> Corruption<br /> Institutional changes<br /> Court decision (failure for environmental justice)<br /> Repression<br /> Criminalization of activists<br /> Court decision (victory for environmental justice)<br /> Environmental improvements</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>A Renewable Energy Plan for Mozambique<br/><br/>http://www.internationalrivers.org/files/attached-files/clean_energy_for_mz_30_9_09.pdf<br/><br/>(see also attached)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Clean Development Mechanisms<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Mozambican Constitution<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> A Renewable Energy Plan for Mozambique<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.internationalrivers.org/files/attached-files/clean_energy_for_mz_30_9_09.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> (see also attached)<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> MOZAMBIQUE: Cement Company Tries to Explain Pollution, Corpwatch<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?id=13897" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> UNFCCC CDM page:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/DB/DNV-CUK1256045984.2/history" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>A Renewable Anergy Plan for Mozambique, by Mark Hankins</strong> <br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/clean_energy_for_mz.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Ruth Castel-Branco</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>18/08/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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