Michelin Rubber plantations, Nigeria

Description
In 2007, the France-based transnational company Michelin, one of the major players in world tyre production, established rubber plantations in a Forest reserve. Over 3,500 hectares of Iguobazuwa Forest Reserve -including individual and communal farmlands- were allotted to Michelin to be converted into rubber plantations in an illegal deal without the consent of community people or proper Environmental Impact Assessment.
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Basic Data
NameMichelin Rubber plantations, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceEdo State
SiteIguobazuwa Community, Ovia South West Local Goverment Area
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Land acquisition conflicts
Deforestation
Specific CommoditiesRubber
Land
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)3500
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesMichelin from France
Relevant government actorsEdo State Government
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersWRM, ERA (Environmental Rights Action-FOE Nigeria)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)UNKNOWN
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Women
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Sabotage
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Air pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnknown
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseLand demarcation
Migration/displacement
Strengthening of participation
Development of AlternativesERA calls for:

-Trees felled should be regenerated by Michelin.

-Forest dependent community people should be made aware of their rights under the law.

-Full compensation should be made to affected community dwellers.

-Strengthening of Local, State and National Forest Guards to enable them help more in preventing deforestation.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Sources and Materials
References

WRM's report "Women raaise their voices against plantations"
[click to view]

Links

ERA's Field Report #172: Michelin Converts Prime Forest to Plantation
[click to view]

WRM
[click to view]

Media Links

WRM, Women Voices
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorTeresa Perez
Last update19/06/2014
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