Mobil oil spills in the Atlantic Coast line, Nigeria

Description
In November 2013, many oil spillis have been observed along the Atlantic Shoreline in Ibeno Local Government Area of AkwaIbom. They have been recorded at the oil field on Aug. 13, Aug. 24. Nov. 9 , Dec 16 and Dec. 19, 2012.
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Basic Data
NameMobil oil spills in the Atlantic Coast line, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceAkwa Ibom State
SiteIbeno, Eket
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas refining
Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)Unknown
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesMobil Producing Nigeria Plc (MPN) from Nigeria
ExxonMobil Corporation from United States of America
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersERA/FoEN
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)UNKNOWN
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationOfficial complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Impunity of the polluting company
Development of AlternativesMobil to immediately cleanup of the polluted waters, shoreline and environment in Ibeno

2. Mobil to immediately replace all its aging and leaking pipelines

3. Mobil to take responsibility for past and current spills in the community

4. A comprehensive audit of the environment in Ibeno as a result of the incessant spills

5. NOSDRA should adequately penalize Mobil for this and other spills in order to halt this impunity

6. Compensation of the impacted community folks, including fisherfolks whose livelihoods have been ruined

Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Mobil is yet to commence clean-up while the local people surfer the lost.
Sources and Materials
Links

ERA report
[click to view]

[1] Mobil stays action on clean up of Atlantic coastline contaminated by multiple spills from its operations.
[click to view]

Fisherman association seeks compensation
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAfoke Ohwojeheri
Last update12/09/2014
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