Morococha (displacement), Toromocho project, Perú

Description
El Proyecto Toromocho está ubicado a 4.500 m.s.n.m. y a 142 km al este de Lima, en el distrito minero de Morococha, Provincia de Yauli, departamento de Junín. El yacimiento fue descubierto en los años 1920.
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Basic Data
NameMorococha (displacement), Toromocho project, Perú
CountryPeru
ProvinceJunín
SiteMorococha
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Other
Urban development conflicts
Specific CommoditiesSilver
Copper
Molibdeno
Project Details and Actors
Project Detailsmina a cielo abierto vida útil 36 años 1.526 millones de toneladas de concentrado de cobre, molibdeno y plata 250.000 toneladas de cobre al año 10.000 toneladas anuales de molibdeno 2.500 empleos
Level of Investment (in USD)4800000000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date2003
Company Names or State EnterprisesMinera Chinalco from China
Relevant government actorsMunicipalidad Distrital de Morococha, Defensoría del Pueblo, Gobierno Regional de Junín, Marcial Salomé, alcalde de Morococha
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersConfederación Nacional de Comunidades del Perú Afectadas por la Minería - CONACAMI, Asociación de Mujeres de Morocoha
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationMedia based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Migration/displacement
Repression
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Project is ongoing
Sources and Materials
References

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de América Latina OCMAL

Periódico El Comercio

Web Minera Chinalco Perú S.A.

Morococha se defiende

Philippe Revelli, Perú, ¿de un patio trasero a otro?, Le Monde Diplomatique

Gestión, el diario de economía y negocios del Perú

Links

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Other CommentsSe trata de un gran proyecto de extracción de cobre por la empresa china Chinalco, el proyecto Toromocho, que implica (como en el caso de Cerro de Pasco) el desplazamiento de una población entera.

Los concentrados de Toromocho serán almacenados y exportados por el Puerto El Callao, lo que contribuiría con el problema de contaminación de este. (reubicación de población).
Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chávez, JMA y Talia Waldron
Last update08/04/2014
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