Mtunzini - Exxaro proposed sand mining, South Africa

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">People in Mtunzini and surroundings are resisting a proposal by Exxaro to establish sand mining operations in the area immediately to the south of Mtunzini. Mining will be for titanium, ilmenite and zircon. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The community has formed an association to oppose the mining and employed a lawyer to assist with legal aspects of opposing the mining application. <br/><br/> Exxaro Sands is already mining at Hillendale, about 20km north of Mtunzini. This mine is due to close in 2012 and its plans are to physically move the plant along the highway to mine at Fairbreeze immediately south of Mtunzini, before continuing to Port Durnford and Insese to the north. <br/><br/> The proposed mine would degrade the soil and ruin the landscape for 60 km along the scenic N2 route. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Mtunzini - Exxaro proposed sand mining, South Africa</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/south-africa">South Africa</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Kwa-Zulu Natal</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Fairbreeze, Mtunzini</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)<br /> Dams and water distribution conflicts<br /> Mineral processing</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Life expectancy 15 years. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> Titanium slag will for export to the Tronox company. <br/><br/> ha open cast mine 600 ha slime dam. <br/><br/> Throughput 2200 tons per hours. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>4600</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>300000000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Semi-urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>thousands</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2003</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/exxaro-resources-limited'>Exxaro Resources Limited</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/south-africa'><small>South Africa</small></a><br /><a href='/company/tronox'>Tronox</a> - <small> Former part of Kerr McGee</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Department of Mineral Resources, Industrial Development Corporation, Dept of Environment, Dept of Water Affairs, KZN Department of Agriculture, Environmental Affairs and Rural Development </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Mtuzini Conservancy, Mtuzini Residents Association</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Neighbours/citizens/communities</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Regular newsletter via e-mail Engagement with other groups</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Food insecurity (crop damage), Oil spills</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>The establishment of slimes dams in valleys and the conversion of soils to pure sand residue after mining as all clays and humus will be removed.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>The town of Mtunzini would be subject to fine red soil particles being blown in from the mining operations. Young children and the aged are likely to suffer most from increased respiratory ailments.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Disruption of existing local rural economy and replacement by an industrial activity that will require extensive restoration if it is even possible.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Proposed (exploration phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area<br /> Negotiated alternative solution<br /> New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study<br /> The mining could be moved to a less controversial area where it would not create as much conflict with the local community.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Maintenance of the status quo with a focus on eco-tourism as the sector with the greatest potential.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Resistance to mining started when local people became aware of the huge scale of the proposed mine and the impacts mineral sand mining would have on the affected environment and communities. <br/><br/>When negative impacts became evident through problems and conflicts at the Hillendale mine, it triggered a response from affected community members. This led to general awareness of the problems, and the Mtunzini community decided to take a strong stand against the proposed mining at Fairbreeze south of Mtunzini. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Environmental Management Act<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Mineral Resources Act<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Waste Management Act<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Water Act<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> [IGcms_nodes][IGcms_nodesUID]=422e8c345b8623d8f613f507863d202d<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.countrylife.co.za/index.php?p" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Financial Mail; Mining vs the environment-Green jobs or grainy? <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.fm.co.za/Article.aspx?id=169434" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://beta.mnet.co.za/Carteblanche/Article.aspx?Id=4491andShowId=1" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RcThpRG5uS0" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Country Life: DUNE and GLOOM<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> !/pages/SOS-Mtunzini/194597520558329<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.facebook.com/#" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.wildlands.co.za/mining/the-exxaro-mountain-of-greed/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://andrewventer.wordpress.com/2011/05/15/exxaro-mountain-of-greed-ii/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://andrewventer.wordpress.com/2011/10/17/exxaro-mountain-of-greed-iii/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.mtunzini.co.za/exxaro.htm" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.mtunzini.co.za/conservancy.htm" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Patrick Burnett</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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