Multiple gas explosion in Egiland, Nigeria

The Egi people are part of Ogba kingdom in Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area of Rivers State. The clan is made up of about 17 communities and Total Exploration and Production Nigeria Limited [TEPNL] otherwise known as Elf is the main oil company operating in the area.
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Basic Data
NameMultiple gas explosion in Egiland, Nigeria
ProvinceRiver State
SiteEgiland in Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area.
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific CommoditiesNatural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAccording to NNPC Bulletin 2010, about 9,5 million cubic meters of gas is produced annually from the area by Total E and P Company.

Project Area (in hectares)45
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population80,000 to 170,000 people.
Start Date20/03/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesTotal Exploration and Production Nigeria Limited (TEPNL) from Nigeria
Total from France
Relevant government actorsNigeria National Petroleum Corporation
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action/Friends of the earth Nigeria., Oilwatch Nigeria, Community groups and Networks, Nigerian Media, Other social movements.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLandless peasants
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Social movements
Religious groups
Informal workers
Forms of MobilizationLand occupation
Official complaint letters and petitions
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Street protest/marches
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Development of alternative proposals
Shooting and dissemination of video footage on the gas explosion.
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Global warming, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Accidents, Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Under negotiation
Development of Alternatives1. Adequate clean up and remediation of the area.

2. Proper investigation to ascertain the cause, short and long term effects of the gas eruption on the health, environment and the socioeconomic impacts on the people.

3. Relocation of displaced communities with proper negotiation to ensure that their rights are not denied.

4. Adequate compensation should be paid to communities impacted

Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The affected communities still await justice and reparation of the areas has not be achieved.
Sources and Materials

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outside of Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules,laws policies and guidelines.


Nigeria Population commission; population census, 2006.

Annual Statistical Bulletin: A publication of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, 2010

NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007


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Other CommentsTotal/Elf, should go beyond cosmetic visit to the affected communities, and attend to peoples demands/proposals brought forward by the mobilizers.
Meta Information
ContributorGodwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014