Murta dam, MG, Brazil

Description

Since 1998, rural communities in the region of Coronel Murta, in Minas Gerais, had been mobilized and had been resisting against the project of an hydroelectric plant on the rio Jequitinhonha. The Murta hydroelectric power plant project aimed to produce 120 MW of energy. The cost of the project was estimated at $ 300 million. The reservoir of the dam would inundate 20.6 km2 of land, being a significant portion consisting of trays and cultivated areas. The dam lake threatened about 900 families, 22 communities of the municipalities of Coronel Murta, Virgem da Lapa, Berilo, Grao Mogol, Josenopolis, which in addition to being expelled from their traditional territories, would lose their farming fields, fishing, plants and fruits in the cerrado and caatinga.

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Basic Data
NameMurta dam, MG, Brazil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceMinas Gerais
SiteCoronel Murta, Virgem da Lapa, Josenopolis, Grao Mogol e Berilo
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesWater
Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Murta Dam is designed to have a capacity of approximately 120 MW. The reservoir of the dam would inundate 20.6 km2 of land, being a significant portion consisting of trays and cultivated areas. The dam lake threatened about 900 families, 22 communities of the municipalities of Coronel Murta, Virgem da Lapa, Berilo, Grao Mogol, Josenopolis.

Project Area (in hectares)2060
Level of Investment (in USD)300000000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population2700
Start Date1998
Company Names or State EnterprisesCMPB-Enegético
Eptisa
Logos
Technical Industrial company s.a
Murta Energética S.A
Relevant government actorsGoverno do Estado de Minas Gerais, Governo Federal, Agencia Nacional de Energia Eletrica , Fundacao Estadual de Meio Ambiente
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGrupo de Estudos Ambientais (GESTA/UFMG), Plataforma Dhesca Brasil, Coalicion Rios Vivos (see attached file, Letter to the President Lula)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Local ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Infectious diseases, Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The project was suspended.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

AGENCIA NACIONAL DE ENERGIA ELETRICA - ANEEL. Despacho N. 640, De 28 de Fevereiro de 2012. Acesso em: 30 mai. 2012.

References

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTIÇA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Estado protela arquivamento do pedido de licenciamento da Usina Hidrelétrica de Murta, no vale do Jequitinhonha. Disponível em: Acesso em: 20 jul. 2013.
[click to view]

Links

COSTA, Luciano. Aneel aprova divisao da UHE Murta para tirar projeto da gaveta. Jornal da energia, 01/03/2012. Disponível em: Acesso em: 30 mai. 2012.
[click to view]

MAB comemora cancelamento de barragem em MG. Movimento dos Atingidos por Barragens (MAB), Sao Paulo, 21/09/2012. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 30 mai. 2012.
[click to view]

Media Links

Jequitinhonha river near the Coronel Murta city

sobre o rio jequi, cel murta.jpg
[click to view]

Public hearing on the UHE Murta - October/2002
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update08/04/2014
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