Murta dam, MG, Brazil

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Since 1998, rural communities in the region of Coronel Murta, in Minas Gerais, had been mobilized and had been resisting against the project of an hydroelectric plant on the rio Jequitinhonha. The Murta hydroelectric power plant project aimed to produce 120 MW of energy. The cost of the project was estimated at $ 300 million. The reservoir of the dam would inundate 20.6 km2 of land, being a significant portion consisting of trays and cultivated areas. The dam lake threatened about 900 families, 22 communities of the municipalities of Coronel Murta, Virgem da Lapa, Berilo, Grao Mogol, Josenopolis, which in addition to being expelled from their traditional territories, would lose their farming fields, fishing, plants and fruits in the cerrado and caatinga. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The licensing process of UHE Murta began in October 1998. Local communities got organized and demanded a public hearing in January 1999. In March of that year, the communities received the environmental impact assessment (EIA) and, in August, the Fundacao Estadual do Meio Ambiente (Feam) asked the entrepreneur for additional information to the EIA-Rima [studies and Environmental impact report]. <br/><br/> In February 2001, the former consortium named CMPB-Enegético, formed by Eptisa, Logos and Technical Industrial company s.a (EIT), was dismissed. A new consortium was funded under the name Murta Energética S.A. <br/><br/> In December 2001, the entrepreneurs presented additional studies for Feam. In October 2002, a public hearing was held, after several claims of population to postpone the date, so that they were properly prepared for the discussion. The Feam requested new clarifications to the entrepreneur, which should have been delivered within four months. The Consortium failed to comply with the deadline and asked the environmental agency to extend it until February 2004. <br/><br/> In February 2012, almost seven years later, the Consortium requested authorization from the Agencia Nacional de Energia Eletrica (ANEEL) to make changes in the basic design of the project, which resulted in the reduction in installed capacity to 115,000 kW. With the change, the plant now would have two power houses, instead of one. The first with 85,000 kW and the second with 30,000 kW (Murta CF1 and CF2, respectively). The decision of the Consortium and ANEEL aimed to facilitate the installation of the enterprise, while at the same time would reduce the number of communities impacted by the formation of the lake and the magnitude of environmental impacts. <br/><br/> In September 2012, after more than 14 years of resistance, the rural communities of Coronel Murta and region celebrated the suspension of the hydroelectric power plant project. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Murta dam, MG, Brazil</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/brazil">Brazil</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Minas Gerais</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Coronel Murta, Virgem da Lapa, Josenopolis, Grao Mogol e Berilo</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Water Management</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Dams and water distribution conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/water'>Water</a><br /><a href='/commodity/electricity'>Electricity</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">The Murta Dam is designed to have a capacity of approximately 120 MW. The reservoir of the dam would inundate 20.6 km2 of land, being a significant portion consisting of trays and cultivated areas. The dam lake threatened about 900 families, 22 communities of the municipalities of Coronel Murta, Virgem da Lapa, Berilo, Grao Mogol, Josenopolis. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>2060</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>300000000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>2700</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>1998</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/cmpb-enegetico'>CMPB-Enegético</a><br /><a href='/company/eptisa'>Eptisa</a><br /><a href='/company/logos'>Logos</a><br /><a href='/company/technical-industrial-company-sa'>Technical Industrial company s.a</a><br /><a href='/company/murta-energetica-sa'>Murta Energética S.A</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Governo do Estado de Minas Gerais, Governo Federal, Agencia Nacional de Energia Eletrica , Fundacao Estadual de Meio Ambiente </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Grupo de Estudos Ambientais (GESTA/UFMG), Plataforma Dhesca Brasil, Coalicion Rios Vivos (see attached file, Letter to the President Lula)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Fishermen<br /> Local ejos<br /> Local scientists/professionals</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Public campaigns</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Infectious diseases, Deaths</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Strengthening of participation<br /> Application of existing regulations<br /> Project cancelled</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The project was suspended.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> AGENCIA NACIONAL DE ENERGIA ELETRICA - ANEEL. Despacho N. 640, De 28 de Fevereiro de 2012. Acesso em: 30 mai. 2012.<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTIÇA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Estado protela arquivamento do pedido de licenciamento da Usina Hidrelétrica de Murta, no vale do Jequitinhonha. Disponível em: Acesso em: 20 jul. 2013. <br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> COSTA, Luciano. Aneel aprova divisao da UHE Murta para tirar projeto da gaveta. Jornal da energia, 01/03/2012. Disponível em: Acesso em: 30 mai. 2012.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> MAB comemora cancelamento de barragem em MG. Movimento dos Atingidos por Barragens (MAB), Sao Paulo, 21/09/2012. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 30 mai. 2012.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> sobre o rio jequi, cel murta.jpg<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Public hearing on the UHE Murta - October/2002<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Jequitinhonha river near the Coronel Murta city<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Diogo Rocha</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>