National Park Sjeverni Velebit, Croatia

The Croatian conservationists and mountaineers opposed the construction of tourism infrastructure in the National Park Sjeverni Velebit.


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">In 2012, the authorities of the mountain National Park Sjeverni Velebit announced the plan to renovate several old shepherd cottages on two locations, Alan and Lubenovac, in close proximity to the first protection zone of the NP. However, the plan actually includes building of 15 new objects for touristic and scientific purposes. The project would be financed by the share of the World Bank loan assigned to Croatia for establishment of the NATURA 2000 network of protected areas. The Croatian conservationists and mountaineers strongly opposed the project, claiming that this kind of commercialization would pose great threat to an extraordinary beauty of the park represented in variety of the karst phenomena, as well as plant and animal biodiversity. They also pointed out on the negative effect of opening access roads for trucks and other building equipment, and of establishing connection to the sanitation network. The opponents particularly stressed that the park authority illegally obtained a building permit as the NP did not count with the valid Spatial Plan. They also said that the strong private interest in the government would lead to misspending the WB loan. Finally, the opponents directed an objection to the Ministry of Environmental Protection, which responded by stopping the project until all legal preconditions are fulfilled. As per information from late 2015, the work on renovation of old shepherd cottages was completed, while the construction of a visitor center is ongoing and should be completed by October 2016. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>National Park Sjeverni Velebit, Croatia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/croatia">Croatia</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Lika-Senj County</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Alan, Lubenovac, Krasno</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Tourism Recreation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/tourism-services'>Tourism services</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">It is planned building of 15 objects size from 12.6 – 65.2m2 (level of investment 170,000 USD)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>4,500,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>600</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>02/2012</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">End Date</td><td>2015</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/national-park-sjeverni-velebit'>National Park Sjeverni Velebit</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/croatia'><small>Croatia</small></a> - <small>Park management</small><br /><a href='/company/ab-gradnja-doo'>AB gradnja d.o.o.</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/croatia'><small>Croatia</small></a> - <small>Contractor on the construction of the visitor center </small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>The Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection of the Republic of Croatia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/world-bank'>The World Bank <small>(WB)</small></a> - <small>Provided the Croatian government with a loan for for establishment of the NATURA 2000 network of protected areas</small><br /><a href='/institution/european-union'>European Union <small>(EU)</small></a> - <small>Investor (95% share) through Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund 2007-2013</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Udruga Animalia http://www.zastita-prirode-animalia.hr/; Mountaineering Club "Kamenjak"</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Local ejos<br /> Recreational users<br /> Local scientists/professionals</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Under construction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Project temporarily suspended</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>The opponents demanded cancelling the project. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>After the project was temporarily stopped by The Croatian Ministry of Environmental Protection, the work on renovation of old shepherd cottages was completed in 2015, while the construction on a visitor center should be done by October 2016. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Spatial Plan Proposal for the National Park Sjeverni Velebit<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.mgipu.hr/default.aspx?id=10980" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> ATAK NA VELEBIT Zajam jači od zakona i Vlade<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.slobodnadalmacija.hr/Hrvatska/tabid/66/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/166335/Default.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Velebit - savjest ponovno na kušnji!<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://udruga-kameleon.hr/spip.php?article4119&fb_comment_id=fbc_10150654416921057_22729768_10150656066786057#fe48f2e2850f6c" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> GRADNJA U NACIONALNOM PARKU Stop betoniranju Sjevernog Velebita!<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.slobodnadalmacija.hr/Hrvatska/tabid/66/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/164068/Default.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> MINISTARSTVO KULTURE ZAUSTAVILO RADOVE Obnova pastirskih stanova krinka za apartmanizaciju NP Sjeverni Velebit?<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.novilist.hr/Vijesti/Regija/Lika-Senj/Obnova-pastirskih-stanova-krinka-za-apartmanizaciju-NP-Sjeverni-Velebit" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> CENTAR MILIJUNSKIH ULAGANJA Hrvatsko selo postaje atrakcija<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://dnevnik.hr/vijesti/hrvatska/milijuni-kuna-i-ne-samo-to-hrvatsko-selo-postaje-posebna-hrvatska-atrakcija---419027.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Kreće izgradnja 30 milijuna kuna vrijednog posjetiteljskog centra Krasno u NP Sjeverni Velebit<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.mzoip.hr/hr/ministarstvo/vijesti/krece-izgradnja-30-milijuna-kuna-vrijednog-posjetiteljskog-centra-krasno-u-np-sjeverni-velebit.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>National Park Sjevernni Velebit</strong> The park is rich in the karst phenomena and has more than 150 discovered caves<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/2.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>16/05/2016</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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