National Park Sjeverni Velebit, Croatia

The Croatian conservationists and mountaineers opposed the construction of tourism infrastructure in the National Park Sjeverni Velebit.


Description

In 2012, the authorities of the mountain National Park Sjeverni Velebit announced the plan to renovate several old shepherd cottages on two locations, Alan and Lubenovac, in close proximity to the first protection zone of the NP. However, the plan actually includes building of 15 new objects for touristic and scientific purposes. The project would be financed by the share of the World Bank loan assigned to Croatia for establishment of the NATURA 2000 network of protected areas.

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Basic Data
NameNational Park Sjeverni Velebit, Croatia
CountryCroatia
ProvinceLika-Senj County
SiteAlan, Lubenovac, Krasno
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Tourism Recreation
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific CommoditiesTourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsIt is planned building of 15 objects size from 12.6 – 65.2m2 (level of investment 170,000 USD)
Level of Investment (in USD)4,500,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population600
Start Date02/2012
End Date2015
Company Names or State EnterprisesNational Park Sjeverni Velebit from Croatia - Park management
AB gradnja d.o.o. from Croatia - Contractor on the construction of the visitor center
Relevant government actorsThe Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection of the Republic of Croatia
International and Financial InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America - Provided the Croatian government with a loan for for establishment of the NATURA 2000 network of protected areas
European Union (EU) - Investor (95% share) through Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund 2007-2013
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersUdruga Animalia http://www.zastita-prirode-animalia.hr/; Mountaineering Club "Kamenjak"
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProject temporarily suspended
Development of AlternativesThe opponents demanded cancelling the project.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.After the project was temporarily stopped by The Croatian Ministry of Environmental Protection, the work on renovation of old shepherd cottages was completed in 2015, while the construction on a visitor center should be done by October 2016.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Spatial Plan Proposal for the National Park Sjeverni Velebit
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Links

ATAK NA VELEBIT Zajam jači od zakona i Vlade
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Velebit - savjest ponovno na kušnji!
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GRADNJA U NACIONALNOM PARKU Stop betoniranju Sjevernog Velebita!
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MINISTARSTVO KULTURE ZAUSTAVILO RADOVE Obnova pastirskih stanova krinka za apartmanizaciju NP Sjeverni Velebit?
[click to view]

CENTAR MILIJUNSKIH ULAGANJA Hrvatsko selo postaje atrakcija
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Kreće izgradnja 30 milijuna kuna vrijednog posjetiteljskog centra Krasno u NP Sjeverni Velebit
[click to view]

Other Documents

National Park Sjevernni Velebit The park is rich in the karst phenomena and has more than 150 discovered caves
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com
Last update16/05/2016
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