Navarrese Corridor High Speed Rail, Spain

More infrastructure for development and higher speed? The same old story in the country of big costruction business.


Description

The Navarrese Corridor comprises the development of a High Speed Rail network for all the country, principally connecting Madrid (the capital) with the rest of the regions. This stretch in particular is planned to have about 200 km connecting the cities of Zaragoza and Pamplona and the latter with the line known as the Y Basque.

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Basic Data
NameNavarrese Corridor High Speed Rail, Spain
CountrySpain
ProvinceNavarre
SitePamplona, Tudela, Tafalla, Castejón, Valtierra, Cadreita, Villafranca, Marcilla, Peralta, Falces, Olite, Tafalla, Pueyo, Garínoain, Barásoain, Tirapu, Ucar, Biurrun-Olcoz, Tiebas-Muruarte de Reta
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsLength: 213.9 km divided in 4 stretches

26 tunnels accounting for 37 km

36 viaducts accounting for 9.5 km

Minimum width: 23 meters

Amount of earth movements: 35 million m3

Land occupation: 750 ha + 150 ha dumping sites

48 municipalities affected
Project Area (in hectares)492
Level of Investment (in USD)5,004,835,500
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population500,000
Start Date09/04/2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesAdministrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias (ADIF) from Spain - Manage and allocate public funds
Marcial Echenique y Compañía S.A. (MECSA) from Spain - Released a report underlining mostly positive impacts of the HST
ACCIONA Infrastructuras S. A. (ACCIONA) from Spain - Tenderer selected to carry out some works along with other firms
Obras Especiales de Navarra S.A. (OBENASA) from Spain - Tenderer selected to carry out the works along with other firms
Construcciones Mariezcurrena from Spain - Tenderer selected to carry out the works along with other firms
COMSA Estudios, Montajes y Tendidos Eléctricos (COMSA EMTE) from Spain - Tenderer selected to carry out some of the works
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Navarre

Ministry of Transport (Fomento)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersSustrai Erakuntza Foundation

Mugitu AHT Gelditzeko
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
OtherCreation of dumping sites and landfills, earth movements
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherDecrease in the offer of non-high speed trains
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of AlternativesModernization of the existing lines.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Despite the failure of high speed railway lines that have been closed (Toledo - Cuenca - Albacete), the government insists on bringing forward this type of infratructure.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

LEY FORAL 35/2002, DE 20 DE DICIEMBRE, DE ORDENACIÓN DEL TERRITORIO Y URBANISMO
[click to view]

Ley 37/2003, de 17 de noviembre, del Ruido.
[click to view]

Habitats Directive (92/43/CEE)
[click to view]

References

Report. Rentabilidad social del proyecto de conexión de alta velocidad ferroviaria en Navarra. Alejo Etchart, Roberto Bermejo y David Hoyos. Grupo de Investigación en Economía Ecológica y Ecología Política (EKOPOL).
[click to view]

Barcena, I. and Larrinaga, J., coords., 2009. TAV: las razones del NO. Tafalla: Txalaparta
[click to view]

Links

Article in "Ecologistas en Accion"
[click to view]

Platform AHT Gelditu - Elkarlana
[click to view]

News in the Guardian on the action against the HS
[click to view]

Activists sentenced
[click to view]

Report by the Sustrai Foundation. The construction of a new railway line in Navarra (Spain): Another scandal and economic scam outside the law
[click to view]

Mugitu blog. Activist platform against the High Speed Rail. Includes videos and media resources.
[click to view]

Sustrai Foundation website (High Speed Rail section)
[click to view]

Other Documents

Navarresse Corridor of High Speed Rail Image of the high speed railway project crossing the region of Navarre, connection in the north with the Y Basque and in the south with the line coming from Saragosse.
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAlfred Burballa Noria
Last update11/03/2015
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