Navidad, Chubut, Argentina

Description
En la fase de exploración IMA encontró y trasladó un 'chenque', sitio enterratorio indígena. En 2005, luego de una infructosa e intensa intervención en los grupos indígenas de la zona, el gobierno, la empresa minera firmaron con los representantes de solo dos de siete comunidades aborígenes el 'rescate arqueológico' del chenque. En se comenzó la profanación del cementerio, ante la indignación de las comunidades.
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Basic Data
NameNavidad, Chubut, Argentina
CountryArgentina
ProvinceChubut
SiteGastre
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Water access rights and entitlements
Tailings from mines
Specific CommoditiesSilver
Lead
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsSe planifica una mina a cielo abierto (aún cuando está prohibido en la Provincia) 800 millones de onzas de plata 3000 millones de libras de plomo 15 millones de plata/anual
Project Area (in hectares)10,000
Level of Investment (in USD)3500000000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date2004
Company Names or State EnterprisesAquiline Resources from Canada
Pan American Silver Corp. from Canada
Relevant government actorsGobierno Nacional, Gobierno de la Provincia de Chubut
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAsamblea de Vecinos Autoconvocados de Ingeniero Jacobacci La Pirita, Comunidades Mapuche-tehuelche de la Meseta Central Norte
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingEthnically/racially discriminated groups
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local scientists/professionals
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Farmers
Recreational users
Informal workers
Pastoralists
Trade unions
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Strikes
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Exigen consulta previa
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Institutional changes
New legislation
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Existe oposición de la población, especialmente mapuche-telhuenche, pese al intento de cambio de la Ley 5001 en Chubut que prohibe la minería a cielo abierto, para favorecer la puesta en marcha del proyecto. Pan American Silver, de Vancouver, Canada, vuelve a la carga a finales de 2013.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Constitución Nacional Argentina
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Convenio 169 de la OIT
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Ley 5001
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References

PUELMAPU: Chubut: Mapuche-Tehuelche piden al Superior Tribunal ser consultados por Mega-proyectos Mineros, 21.05.2012
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Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de América Latina OCMAL
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Links

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Media Links

Fuente:
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Quieren Megaminería en Chubut! Proyecto Navidad

Vecinos de todas partes de Chubut marcharon por las calles de Gan Gan para decir una vez más, la meseta no es zona de sacrificio. (7 de Marzo de 2011)

Other CommentsIn 2014 there is an attempt to change Law 5001 of Chubut.
Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chávez
Last update24/06/2014
Comments