Ngöbe-Buglé against Mining (Panama)

Description
Los Ngöbe Buglé han estado en pie de guerra contra la minería de cobre. The Ngobe Bugle (also called the Guaymi) are Panama’s most populous indigenous group. Numbers vary on population but the Ngobe-Bugle culture is estimated at 180,000 persons. Los lideres Ngobe-Buglé y el gobierno de Panama alcanzaron un acuerdo en marzo de 2012 que prohibe la mineria en ese territorio y requiere aprobacion de la comunidad para proyectos hidro-electricos, el Presidente Martinelli cambio la ley para impedir mineria en territorio Ngobe Buglé, incluido el gran yacimiento de cobre Cerro Colorado, de importancia mundial.
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Basic Data
NameNgöbe-Buglé against Mining (Panama)
CountryPanama
ProvinceNgobe-Bugle
SiteComarca Gnobe-Buglé
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tailings from mines
Mineral ore exploration
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesCopper
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsCerro Chorcha 134,924,000 ton con ley de 0.48% Cu y 0.059 g/t Au Cerro Colorado 1.400 millones de toneladas de reserva de roca mineralizada, con una ley promedio de explotacion de 0.78% vida util 70 años ganancias por cerca de US$ 300 millones anuales
Project Area (in hectares)24242
Level of Investment (in USD)2000000000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population10000
Start Date2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesDominium Minerals Corp.
Relevant government actorsDireccion de Evaluacion y Ordenamiento Ambiental de la Autoridad Nacional del Ambiente , Ministerio de Comercio e Industrias MICI
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGrupos Ngobe solidarios contra la Mina Cerro Chorcha, Grupo Ambientalista COLIBRI, Iglesia Catolica, Grupos de Derechos Humanos, Silvia Carrera (Cacica Gnobe Bugle), Radio Temblor
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Social movements
Women
Religious groups
Grupos de Derechos Humanos Politicas indígenas locales (Crescencia Prado
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Marchas y caminatas
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherRepression against indigenous people, environmental defenders
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseDeaths
Repression
Application of existing regulations
Criminalization of activists
New legislation
Violent targeting of activists
Corruption
Project cancelled
Strong presence of indigenous women leaders
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.- La fuerte presion indigena, logró en 2012 que el presidente aprobara una ley que impide la mineria en sus territorios.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Ley 415 enmienda el Código Minero y prohibe la minería en la Comarca

Convenio 169 de la OIT
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Gnöbe-Buglé,
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References

, Panama: Informe confirma violacion de derechos humanos en protestas de indigenas ngobe-bugle, 06.03.2012
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Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Estudio Juridico Arauz, Las Concesiones mineras en Panama: Petaquilla, 30.01.210

Links

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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chávez
Last update08/04/2014
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