Nile Trading and Development / Kinyeti Mysterious Land Deals in Mukaya Payam, Central Equatoria State, South Sudan

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">In March 2008 Nile Trading and Development (NTD), a Texas-based company, signed a 49-year lease agreement with Mukaya Payam Cooperative, an organization that presented itself as the representative of the local community. The lease land is located in Lainya county, Central Equatoria State, in newly formed (2011) South Sudan, and was ratified in May of 2008 by the governor, Clement Wani. The agreement gave NTD full rights to exploit all natural resources within the leased land, including timber harvesting, agriculture, mining, and the ability to sub-lease the land to other bodies. The lease states the intentions of the venture as 'cooperative', eventually working from a 60% (NTD) - 40% (Mukaya Payam Cooperative) profit share to 50-50%. Mukaya Payam Cooperative, however, is a fictitious entity, according to a report by the Oakland Institute, and the local community only discovered the deal three years after the initial signing, in 2011. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> By this time NTD had subleased the land three times through three separate (but affiliated) companies, entered into a 'contractual alliance' with Tony Paris of Paris Broadcasting Cable 7 (for agrofuels in South Sudan), and two of the companies holding subleases were embattled in a slander and libel case against each other. The same year, Texas firm Kinyeti, the parent company of NTD, organized meetings with the Ministry of Energy and Mining of South Sudan and Texan politicians, including the Texas Department of Agriculture and the Texas General Land Office, and met with a US-based mapping company to plot the mineral resources of South Sudan. <br/><br/> When local residents finally discovered the deal they formed a network comprised of traditional and senior government officials, and in June of 2011 traveled to the state capital, Juba, to deliver a petition to the governor stating: 'We the chiefs, elders, religious leaders and the youth of Mukaya Payam, unanimously, with strong terms condemn, disavow and deny the land lease agreement reached on 11 March 2008 between the two parties. The local people are clear they are not against investment, but rather require a certain level of transparency and community input. The convoluted nature of the investments, lack of consistency of ownership and stated intent, and overall lack of transparency in this deal is concerning. <br/><br/> The stated lease area exceeds the listed county's boundaries, but no other counties were contacted in negotiating the lease. The investment lands overlap with Equatoria Teak, another company, and their stated concession lands. Additionally, although the government received the community petition and assured them no investment would proceed without their consent, officials have not publicly terminated the lease agreement, nor provided an explanation of how the agreement was initially signed. <br/><br/> The population of Lainya County is 89,315 (2011), and according to the Norwegian People's Aid any concession of this size would severely impact any local population. The only sign of activity is an associated company, American Exotic Timber Group's posted advertisement for 'timber found in S. Sudan', looking for a 'long term buyers relationship' accessed October 2013. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Nile Trading and Development / Kinyeti Mysterious Land Deals in Mukaya Payam, Central Equatoria State, South Sudan</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/south-sudan">South Sudan</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Central Equatoria State</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Lainya county, Mukaya Payam</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp<br /> Agro-fuels and biomass energy plants<br /> REDD/CDM<br /> Mineral ore exploration<br /> Logging and non timber extraction<br /> Land acquisition conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/ethanol'>Ethanol</a><br /><a href='/commodity/palm-oil'>Palm oil</a><br /><a href='/commodity/timber'>Timber</a><br /><a href='/commodity/carbon-offsets'>Carbon offsets</a><br /><a href='/commodity/jatropha'>Jatropha</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">,000 ha was purchased for about US$ 25,000, with a possibility of extending to 400,000 – covering the entire ancestral area of the Mukaya Community – for a total of 1 million ha. This price is about $16 per ha; extraordinarily low. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>600,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>25,000 (cost of land)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>89315</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2008</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/nile-trading-and-development'>Nile Trading and Development</a><br /><a href='/company/kinyeti-development-llc'>Kinyeti Development LLC</a><br /><a href='/company/kinyeti-forestis'>Kinyeti Forestis</a><br /><a href='/company/american-exotic-timber-group'>American Exotic Timber Group</a><br /><a href='/company/orbis-associates-llc'>Orbis Associates LLC</a><br /><a href='/company/orbis-orient-ltd'>Orbis Orient Ltd</a><br /><a href='/company/paris-broadcasting-cable-7'>Paris Broadcasting Cable 7</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Clement Wani, governor of Central Equatoria State</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Oakland Institute,, Mukaya Payam Community, (link to petition),</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> International ejos<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Mukaya people</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)<br /> Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Development of alternative proposals<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Violations of human rights<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Unknown</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Corruption<br /> Strengthening of participation<br /> Application of existing regulations<br /> Project temporarily suspended<br /> Project stalled</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Mukaya Payam Community: transparency and community involvement in land deals.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The project might be stalled temporarily or indefinitely. According to the Oakland Institute, it has been halted.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> (language)/eng-GB<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Oakland Institute, 2011, 'Understanding Land Investment Deals in Africa – Nile Trading and Development, Inc, in South Sudan'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Oakland Institute, 2011, 'Understanding Land Deals in Africa – Country Report: South Sudan'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Norwegian People's Aid, 2011, 'The new Frontier'<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> , 'South Sudan : Nile Trading and Development Inc. land lease agreement'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Gurtong, 'Mokaya Payam Leaders Reject 600,000 ha Land Lease'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Globalwood, 'American Exotic Timber Group'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> BertelsmannStiftung, 'Land Grabs and Deforestation in South Sudan'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Think Africa Press, 'Is South Sudans Largest Land Deal a Land Grab?'<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Oakland Institute, 'South Sudan Parliament member speaks on land grabs'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Aliza Tuttle</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>29/08/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>