Nuclear power station in Ferrel, Peniche, Portugal

Campaign in Portugal "For Life and Against Nuclear" manages to halt nuclear power development. A national campaign claims that: "We are all residents of Ferrel" - and we are all impacted by nuclear energy.


Description

Ferrel is the name of a Portuguese parish in the municipality of Peniche and the place where a nuclear power plant was to be built in the 1970s. However, this project faced strong public opposition and was cancelled due to mobilizations throughout the whole country. The local population's protests against the construction of this nuclear plant, which peaked in March 1976, gave birth to a broader movement. Even today, Portuguese civil society continues to say

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Basic Data
NameNuclear power station in Ferrel, Peniche, Portugal
CountryPortugal
ProvincePeniche
SiteFerrel
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesUranium
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsIn 1972 the Portuguese electrical company (CPE) foresees 1979 as the year in which the first Portuguese reactor would start its activity. The plan was to build four reactors at different times between 1981 and 1989, with an investment of about 30 million escudos, at 1972 prices (about 350 million euros at 2010 prices).
Level of Investment (in USD)300,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected PopulationUnknown
Start Date15/03/1976
End Date31/12/1976
Company Names or State EnterprisesPortuguese Electrical Company (CPE) from Portugal - Proponent of the nuclear plant
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAmigos da Terra

Associação Portuguesa de Ecologistas

Comissão de Apoio à Luta Contra a Ameaça Nuclear (CALCAN)

Comissão de Moradores de Ferrel

Movimento Ecológico Português (MEP)

Plataform Against Nuclear Power

Plataforma pelo Não ao Nuclear

Viver é preciso
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Project cancelled
Development of AlternativesSttrugle for an "alternative" that called for the increase of solar energy as a non-polluting source and at "the service for all humankind".
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.NEW The nuclear power plant was not built. This conflict led to a broad convergence of different social groups (local and national, rural and urban, popular and intellectual) into a dynamic antinuclear front that is active even today.
Sources and Materials
References

FIGUEIREDO, Elisabete; FIDÉLIS, Teresa. No meu quintal não. Contributos para uma análise dos movimentos ambientais de raiz popular em Portugal (1974-1994). Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais, v. 65, 2003.
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RODRIGUES, Eugénia. Os novos movimentos sociais e o associativismo ambientalista em Portugal. Oficina n. 60. Universidade de Coimbra, CES-Centro de Estudos Sociais, Setembro de 1995.
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SEMBLANO, Diana. Portugal Nuclear. Física, Tecnologia, Medicina e Ambiente (1910-2010). Estágio de Integração na Investigação.s/a.
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SCHMIDT, Luísa. Ambiente e políticas ambientais: escalas e desajustes. Villaverde-Cabral, M.,Wall, K., Aboim, S., & Carreira da Silva, Filipe (orgs.). Itinerários. A investigação nos 25 anos do ICS. Lisboa. Imprensa de Ciências Sociais, 2008. pp. 285-314.
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TAVARES, Bruno Ribeiro. O Ambiente e as políticas ambientais em Portugal: Contributos para uma abordagem histórica. Dissertação de mestrado em cidadania ambiental e participação. Universidade Aberta, julho de 2003.
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DELICADO. Ana; PEREIRA, Tiago Santos; BARCA, Stefania. Anatomy of a controversy: nuclear power in Portugal.
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GASPAR, Júlia. The two iberian nuclear programmes: Post-war scientific endeavours in a comparative approach (1948-1973). Centro Interuniversitário de História das Ciências e da Tecnologia. 7th STEP Meeting. Galway, 17-20 June 2010. Session Comparative and Cross-National History of Science, Medicine, and Technology.
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SOROMENHO-MARQUES, Viriato. Raízes do Ambientalismo em Portugal. Metamorfoses. Entre o colapso e o desenvolvimento sustentável, Mem Martins, Publicações Europa-América, 2005, p.127-144..
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SCHMIDT, Luísa. Cap. 14 - Ambiente e políticas ambientais: escalas e desajustes. Villaverde-Cabral, M.,Wall, K., Aboim, S. e Carreira da Silva, Filipe (orgs.). Itinerários. A investigação nos 25 anos do ICS. Lisboa. Imprensa de Ciências Sociais, 2008. p. 285-314.
[click to view]

TAVARES, Bruno Ribeiro. O Ambiente e as políticas ambientais em Portugal: Contributos para uma abordagem histórica. Dissertação de Mestrado em cidadania ambiental e participação. Universidade Aberta, Jul. 2003.
[click to view]

NUCLEAR POWER. No thanks: uranium mining in Portugal.
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PORTUGAL AMERICAN JOURNAL. Nuclear power rejected – Portugal, June, 2011
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NEW

BARCA, Stefania; DELICADO, Ana. Anti-nuclear mobilisation (ANM) and environmentalism in Europe: a view from Portugal (1976-1986). Forthcoming in Environment and History. Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Lisbon. London: The White Horse Press. 2016.
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NEW

GUIMARÃES, Paulo Eduardo; FERNANDES, Francisco Rego Chaves. Capítulo 1: Os conflitos ambientais em Portugal (1974-2015): uma breve retrospectiva. pp. 19-64. In: GUIMARÃES, Paulo Eduardo; CEBADA, Juan Diego Pérez (coords.). Conflitos ambientais na indústria mineira e metalúrgica: o passado e o presente. Rio de Janeiro/ Évora. 2016.
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Links

News Article. (2006). Correio da Manhã. População de Ferrel volta a recusar energia nuclear (Ferrel population says no to nuclear again).
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Webpage. No to Nuclear Organization
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NEW

News Article (2018). Gazeta das Caldas. Ferrel, 40 anos pela vida e contra o nuclear.
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TOXIC BIOS. A guerrilla narrative project. Toxic Bios. 25 jan. 2018.
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Media Links

REMOVE

Vídeo SIC. Ferrel e o protesto em 1976 contra a construção de uma central nuclear
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PAeM – Vídeos sobre estação nuclear de Ferrel
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Other Documents

Ferrel manifesto 1976
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Meta Information
ContributorLays Silva, Lúcia Fernandes and Stefania Barca
Last update18/04/2018
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