Nuclear power station in Ferrel, Peniche, Portugal

Campaign in Portugal "For Life and Against Nuclear" manages to halt nuclear power development. A national campaign claims that: "We are all residents of Ferrel" - and we are all impacted by nuclear energy.


Description
Ferrel is the name of a portuguese parish in the municipality of Peniche, and the location of a planed nuclear power plant in the 1970s. However, this project faced strong public opposition and has been cancelled due to a process of mobilization throughout the whole country. The disapproval of the nuclear plant construction in Ferrel by the local population, whose summit took place in March 1976, gave birth to a broader movement, in which the portuguese civil society reaffirms "no to nuclear" up until the present day.
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Basic Data
NameNuclear power station in Ferrel, Peniche, Portugal
CountryPortugal
ProvincePeniche
SiteFerrel
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesUranium
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsIn 1972 the Portuguese electrical company (CPE) foresees 1979 as the year in which the first Portuguese reactor would start its activity. The plan was to build four reactors at different times between 1981 and 1989, with an investment of about 30 million escudos, at 1972 prices (about 350 million euros at 2010 prices).
Level of Investment (in USD)300,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected PopulationUnknown
Start Date15/03/1976
End Date31/12/1976
Company Names or State EnterprisesPortuguese Electrical Company (CPE) from Portugal - Proponent of the nuclear plant
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersOne must live (Viver é preciso)

Ferrel Neighbourhood Committe (Comissão de Moradores de Ferrel)

Plataform Against Nuclear Power

Committe to Support the Fight Against Nuclear Power (Comissão de Apoio à Luta Contra a Ameaça Nuclear - CALCAN)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Project cancelled
Development of AlternativesSttrugle for an "alternative" that called for the increase of solar energy as a non-polluting source and at "the service for all humankind".
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The nuclear power plant was not built.
Sources and Materials
References

FIGUEIREDO, Elisabete; FIDÉLIS, Teresa. No meu quintal não. Contributos para uma análise dos movimentos ambientais de raiz popular em Portugal (1974-1994). Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais, v. 65, 2003.
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RODRIGUES, Eugénia. Os novos movimentos sociais e o associativismo ambientalista em Portugal. Oficina n. 60. Universidade de Coimbra, CES-Centro de Estudos Sociais, Setembro de 1995.
[click to view]

SEMBLANO, Diana. Portugal Nuclear. Física, Tecnologia, Medicina e Ambiente (1910-2010). Estágio de Integração na Investigação.s/a.
[click to view]

SCHMIDT, Luísa. Ambiente e políticas ambientais: escalas e desajustes. Villaverde-Cabral, M.,Wall, K., Aboim, S., & Carreira da Silva, Filipe (orgs.). Itinerários. A investigação nos 25 anos do ICS. Lisboa. Imprensa de Ciências Sociais, 2008. pp. 285-314.
[click to view]

TAVARES, Bruno Ribeiro. O Ambiente e as políticas ambientais em Portugal: Contributos para uma abordagem histórica. Dissertação de mestrado em cidadania ambiental e participação. Universidade Aberta, julho de 2003.
[click to view]

DELICADO. Ana; PEREIRA, Tiago Santos; BARCA, Stefania. Anatomy of a controversy: nuclear power in Portugal.
[click to view]

GASPAR, Júlia. The two iberian nuclear programmes: Post-war scientific endeavours in a comparative approach (1948-1973). Centro Interuniversitário de História das Ciências e da Tecnologia. 7th STEP Meeting. Galway, 17-20 June 2010. Session Comparative and Cross-National History of Science, Medicine, and Technology.
[click to view]

SOROMENHO-MARQUES, Viriato. Raízes do Ambientalismo em Portugal. Metamorfoses. Entre o colapso e o desenvolvimento sustentável, Mem Martins, Publicações Europa-América, 2005, p.127-144..
[click to view]

SCHMIDT, Luísa. Cap. 14 - Ambiente e políticas ambientais: escalas e desajustes. Villaverde-Cabral, M.,Wall, K., Aboim, S. e Carreira da Silva, Filipe (orgs.). Itinerários. A investigação nos 25 anos do ICS. Lisboa. Imprensa de Ciências Sociais, 2008. p. 285-314.
[click to view]

TAVARES, Bruno Ribeiro. O Ambiente e as políticas ambientais em Portugal: Contributos para uma abordagem histórica. Dissertação de Mestrado em cidadania ambiental e participação. Universidade Aberta, Jul. 2003.
[click to view]

NUCLEAR POWER. No thanks: uranium mining in Portugal.
[click to view]

PORTUGAL AMERICAN JOURNAL. Nuclear power rejected – Portugal, June, 2011
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Links

News Article. (2006). Correio da Manhã. População de Ferrel volta a recusar energia nuclear (Ferrel population says no to nuclear again).
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Webpage. No to Nuclear Organization
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Media Links

Vídeo SIC. Ferrel e o protesto em 1976 contra a construção de uma central nuclear
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Other Documents

Ferrel manifesto 1976
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Meta Information
ContributorLays Silva, Lúcia Fernandes and Stefania Barca
Last update20/03/2015
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