Nuclear waste storage and mining near the Spanish frontier, Portugal

"We don’t want to be Europe’s nuclear waste dump" - Border communities resist being burdened with toxic waste with a half-life of of 50.000-500.000 years.


Description

In 1987, the Spanish government began to study the possibility of a pilot project to establish a nuclear waste storage site near its border with Portugal. The site for the proposed project was Aldeadávila de la Ribera (Zamora, Spain), a village located in the International Douro Nature Park and four kilometers from the Portuguese border. At the time, the Douro River supplied water for roughly 5 million Portuguese people, or around half of the population.

See more...
Basic Data
NameNuclear waste storage and mining near the Spanish frontier, Portugal
CountryPortugal
ProvinceBragança
Site Freixo de Espada à Cinta
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear waste storage
Specific CommoditiesIndustrial waste
Uranium
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsNEW

Retortillo

4.4 M pounds/year
Level of Investment (in USD)US$ 5.6 million in European Community funds were requested
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date01/01/1987
Company Names or State EnterprisesBerkeley Minera España S.A (Berkeley) from Australia - Principal stakeholder
Apollo group from Australia - Retortillo
Relevant government actorsEmpresa Nacional de Resíduos Radioativos;

Ministério do Ambiente;

Ministério dos Negócios Estrangeiros;

Ministério de Indústria e Energia
International and Financial InstitutionsEuropean Commission (EC)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAmbiente em Zonas Uraníferas (AZU)

Associação Ambientalista da Extremadura (Adenex)

Associação de Municípios em Áreas de Centrais Nucleares (AMAC)

Associação de Municípios Ibéricos Ribeirinhos do Douro

Associação dos Ex-Trabalhadores das Minas de Urânio (ATMU)

Associação Nacional de Conservação da Natureza (Quercus)

Comissão de Ex-trabalhadores da ENU

Ecologistas en Acción Extremadura

Fundo para a Proteção dos Animais Selvagens (FAPAS)

Grupo de Estudos de Ordenamento do Território e Ambiente (GEOTA)

Liga para a Proteção da Natureza (LPN)

Movimento Ibérico Anti-Nuclear (MIA)

Movimento Urânio em Nisa Não (MUNN)

Plataforma Antinuclear Cerrar Almaraz

Plataforma Cementério Nuclear No

Plataforma Cívica Tejo Seguro

Plataforma Refinería No

Plataforma Stop Uranium

Solidaridad para el desarrollo y la paz (Sodepaz)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Forms of MobilizationBoycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseInstitutional changes
Strengthening of participation
Project cancelled
Development of AlternativesTo find a location near to where the nuclear energy has more usage, like Catalonia or Madrid.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The project was cancelled and the nuclear waste storage site was not built.
Sources and Materials
Links

EXPRESSO PORTUGAL. Exploração de urânio em Espanha pode afetar Portugal. 09 jun. 2013.
[click to view]

AGENCIA LUSA. Bragança rejeita cemitério nuclear espanhol junto da fronteira.Diário Digital. 3 de Agosto de 2006.
[click to view]

LA CRÓNICA DE SALAMANCA. Berkeley da un paso más para abrir la mina de uranio en Retortillo, 24 abr. 2014.
[click to view]

REYNA, Patrick. Portuguese protest Spain's search for nuclear site near border. The Associated Press. 07 Jun. 1987.

NEW

News Article. LUSA. Municípios raianos contestam construção de mina de urânio próximo de Salamanca. Diário de Notícias. 18 mai 2017.
[click to view]

NEW

News Article. TSF. Depois de Almaraz, há um novo "conflito" nuclear perto da fronteira portuguesa. 18 abr. 2017.
[click to view]

NEW

EJATLAS. Open air mine explotation of uranium in Spain-Portugal border. EJatlas.org. 2018.
[click to view]

NEW

News Article. EXPRESSO. Milhares de pessoas protestam contra mina de urânio em Retortillo. 24 dez. 2018.
[click to view]

NEW

News Article. LUSA. Os Verdes alertam na Guarda para exploração de urânio junto à fronteira. RTP notícias. 20 out. 2016.
[click to view]

NEW

News Article. LUSA. Ambientalistas insistem no risco de mina de urânio espanhola e querem posição do Governo. Diário de Notícias. 18 mai 2017.
[click to view]

Media Links

REMOVE

La Gaceta de Salamanca
[click to view]

NEW

PAeM – Vídeos sobre Retortillo, Espanha
[click to view]

NEW

PAeM – Vídeos sobre a exploração de Urânio
[click to view]

NEW

PAeM – Vídeos sobre resíduos nucleares de Aldeadávila, Espanha
[click to view]

Other Documents

[click to view]

[click to view]

NEW

Imagem cedida por: www.ambientemovimento.org
[click to view]

NEW

Imagem cedida por: www.ambientemovimento.org
[click to view]

NEW

Imagem cedida por: www.ambientemovimento.org
[click to view]

NEW

Imagem cedida por: www.ambientemovimento.org
[click to view]

NEW

Imagem cedida por: www.ambientemovimento.org
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorFrancisco Fernandes, Stefania Barca and Teresa Meira
Last update25/04/2018
Comments