Oil and Gas Exploration in Block L6, Lamu and Tana Delta Districts, Kenya

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Flow Energy Limited is planning to explore oil and gas in Block L6, Lamu and Tana Delta Districts, covering a total area of about 3142.61km2 with approximately 25% onshore. The company would be carrying out seismic surveys to prospect for commercially viable oil and gas deposits, the success of which will lead to drilling of oil and gas wells and subsequent commercial production. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> However, as the proposed location of this project is partly in Tana River Delta, Kenya Oil and Gas Working Group, Nature Kenya and partner institutions objected to this project on a number of issues: Tana River Delta is a fragile ecosystem endowed with biodiversity and natural resources of recognised international importance, but threatened by various unsustainable development projects Any seismic survey should ensure that biodiversity is safeguarded, peoples rights are upheld and there is no increased climate change due to loss of vegetation. <br/><br/> EIA was weak and inadequate as it lacked adequate baseline information on biodiversity; it lacked detailed maps showing the specific locations of the seismic surveys, and had inadequate assessment of the cumulative impacts of this project with other development proposals. <br/><br/> Conservationists urge that further work be undertaken to fill major gaps in the EIA; and a multiple land use plan should first be developed and agreed by stakeholders before any major development project in the Tana Delta is approved. <br/><br/> NEMA however approved the project in Jan 2011. The developer has started onshore exploration in the Lamu area and currently, but have not as yet initiated onshore exploration within the Tana Delta. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Oil and Gas Exploration in Block L6, Lamu and Tana Delta Districts, Kenya</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/kenya">Kenya</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Coast Province</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Tana Delta and Lamu Districts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Wetlands and coastal zone management<br /> Oil and gas exploration and extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/biological-resources'>Biological resources</a><br /><a href='/commodity/natural-gas'>Natural Gas</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">Flow Energy Limited, an oil exploration company based in Melbourne, Australia plans to acquire seismic data along profiles of up to 140 km in length near the towns of Witu, Kipini and Kiongwe. The seismic lines are programmed to be on the eastern side of the Tana River and are intended to in-fill the existing seismic survey results which had initially been recorded by a BP/Shell consortium from 1966 to 1970. Success of this exercise will lead to drilling of oil and gas wells and subsequent commercial production. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>314000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>100,000 </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>07/2010</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/flow-energy-limited'>Flow Energy Limited</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/australia'><small>Australia</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>The National Environment Management Authority; Ministry of Energy; National Oil Corporation of Kenya; Kenya Wildlife Service; Lamu and Tana River County Councils; and 20 other Government bodies in the Tana Delta Secretariat coordinated by the Prime Minist</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/uk-aid'>UK Aid</a> from <a href='/country-of-institution/united-kingdom'><small>United Kingdom</small></a><br /><a href='/institution/jensen-foundation'>Jensen Foundation</a> from <a href='/country-of-institution/united-states-of-america'><small>United States of America </small></a><br /><a href='/institution/unites-states-fish-and-wildlife-service'>Unites States Fish and Wildlife Service <small>(USFWS)</small></a><br /><a href='/institution/lush-pot-charity'>Lush Pot Charity</a><br /><a href='/institution/'> <small>(IUCN)</small></a><br /><a href='/institution/wetlands-international'>Wetlands International <small>(WI)</small></a><br /><a href='/institution/world-bank'>The World Bank <small>(WB)</small></a><br /><a href='/institution/european-union'>European Union <small>(EU)</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Kenya Oil and Gas Working Group (consortium of over 10 national environmental NGOs); Eastern Africa Environmental Network; Nature Kenya; East Africa Wild Life Society; BirdLife Africa Partnership; Royal Society for the Protection of Birds; Kenya Wildlife </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Local ejos<br /> Pastoralists</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Objections to the EIA</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Loss of livelihood</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Under construction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>A multiple land use plan should first be developed and agreed by stakeholders before any major development project in the Tana Delta is approved. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>NEMA approved the project even though the EIA was weak and lacked adequate impacts assessment and no real commitment that the impacts mitigation plan will be followed; had inadequate baseline information on biodiversity; lacked detailed maps showing the specific locations of the seismic surveys; and had inadequate assessment of the cumulative impacts of this project with other development proposals </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Constitution of the Republic of Kenya, 2010; The Mining Act, Cap 306; Environmental Management and Co-ordination Act (EMCA) of 1999; Environmental Policy;Water Act, 2002; Water Policy (National Policy on Water Resources Management); The Local Government Act, Cap 265; The Fisheries Act, Cap 378.<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Standard Media<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000025272andpageNo=2" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Pancon<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.pancon.com.au/projects/kenya/lamu-basin-l8-l9" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Subsea World News<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://subseaworldnews.com/2012/07/12/far-completes-3d-data-acquisition-offshore-kenya/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Serah Munguti</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>