Chevron began exploration and exploitation of oil activities in the community in 1980. On Monday, November 10, 2002, a major spill occurred at Chevrons facility, resulting in the pollution of Makaraba River and surrounding creeks, as well as the disruption of economic activities in the community. The local peoples demand for clean up and compensation have fallen on deaf ears.
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters
Environmental Rights Action
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)
MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization begin
Farmers Landless peasants Trade unions
Forms of Mobilization
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Visible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Visible: Loss of livelihood
Pathways for conflict outcome / response
Development of Alternatives
-clean up the spill
-send relief materials and pay adequate compensation to the victims of this environmental tragedy.
-demonstrate corporate responsibility and good citizenship by cleaning the spill and respect the peoples rights to a clean and safe environment as guaranteed by Article 24 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights.
Do you consider this as a success?
Why? Explain briefly.
The peoples demands for clean up and compensation have fallen on deaf ears.
Sources and Materials
Article 24 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights
Knee deep in Crude Vol 2. A publication of Environmental Rights Action/ Friends of the earth Nigeria.