Oil Spillage Ethiope River, Nigeria

Description

The recent oil spillage that occurred in River Ethiope that stretches through Ibada, Adagbrassa, Eko, Egbeku, Ogegere, Okuesajere, and Okuenenemuru villages of Ovwore community near Amukpe in Sapele Local Government area of Delta State, has been described as the worse oil spillage that has ever occurred in the community in recent times.

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Basic Data
NameOil Spillage Ethiope River, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceDelta
SiteEthiope River, Sapele Local Government Area.
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date06/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesNigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNigerian Nation Petroleum Corporation
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersERA
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Women
Recreational users
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Militarization and increased police presence
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Development of AlternativesThe affected Communities call on the Federal Government to Clean up the Spill, restore their land and pay adequate compensations.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Although the oil leakage have been contained by the oil company.But the affected communities continue to count their losses, as long as the spill remains unabated. They have called on the relevant institutions to clean up the spill and pay adequate compensations.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency)

National oil spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA) is saddle with the responsibility to create, nurture and sustain a zero tolerance oil spill incident in the Nigerian Environment. There mission is to: To restore and preserve our environment by ensuring best Oil field, storage and transmission practices in exploration, production and use of oil in the quest to achieve sustainable development in Nigeria

References

NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007.

Links

Today/articles/0bPFpfl8Sxl/
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Ethiope polluted by massive oil spill
[click to view]

Oil Spillage has destroyed our Community-Obonofieniro, Ekeleme
[click to view]

River Ethiope polluted by massive oil spill
[click to view]

Pollution Monarch others urge SPDC NNPC clean

River Ethiope polluted by massive oil spill

Meta Information
ContributorAfoke Ohwojeheri
Last update08/04/2014
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